بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم با عرض سلام و ادب و احترام خدمت بزرگواران علماي اعلام، اساتيد و فضلاء و طلاب عزيزي که در نشست علمی«مسائل مستحدثه و حوزه علمیه؛ چالش ها و رویکردها» که در جوار آستان ملک پاسبان عالم آل محمّد حضرت علی بن موسی الرضا علیهماالسلام...
پنجشنبه: 1397/07/26 - (الخميس:8/صفر/1440)

Rules of Namaz

 

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Prayers of a traveler (Musafir)

 

A traveler should reduce the Rak’ats in Zuhr, ‘Asr and ‘Isha prayers, that is, he should perform two Rak’ats instead of four, subject to the following eight conditions:

The first condition – That his journey should not be less than 8 Farsakh. A Farsakh in Shariah is 12000 Ziraa’ (it’s a unit of measuring the length), and it is mentioned that it is approximately 51/2 (5.5) kilometers. (So, 8 Farsakh is approx. 44 km)

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Addition and omission of the acts and condition of prayers

 

1272. Whenever a person intentionally adds something to the obligatory acts of prayers, or omits something from them, even if it be only a letter, his prayers become void.

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Method of offering Namaz – e – Ihtiyat

 

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Doubts in the prayers

 

There are 23 kinds of doubts which one can have while praying. Out of these, 8 doubts are those which invalidate the prayers, and 6 are those which should be ignored. And the remaining 9 doubts are valid doubts.

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Occasions when obligatory prayers can be broken

 

1168. It is Haraam to break obligatory prayers purposely. But if one has to break in order to protect property, or to escape from financial or physical harm, there is no objection.

1169. If it is not possible for a person to protect, without breaking the prayers, his own life, or the life of a person whose protection is obligatory upon him, or to protect a property the protection of which is obligatory on him, he should break the prayers.

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Things which invalidate prayers

 

1135. Twelve things make prayers void, and they are called Mubtilat.

 

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Salawat on the Holy Prophet (peace be upon Him)

 

1133. It is Mustahab that whenever a person hears or utters the sacred name of the holy Prophet of Islam like, Mohammad or Ahmad (peace be upon Him), or his title like, Mustafa or his patronymic appellation like Abul Qasim, he should recite Salawat (i.e. Allahumma salli ‘Ala Mohammadin wa Aali Mohammad), even if that happens during the Namaz, it is Mustahab to recite Salawat.

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Ta'qib (Supplication after prayers)

 

1131. It is Mustahab that after offering the prayers, one should engage oneself in reciting Zikr, Duas (supplication), and reading from the holy Qur'an. It is better that before he leaves his place, and before his Wudhu, or Ghusl or Tayammum becomes void, he should recite Ta’qib facing Qibla.

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