514. The blood which a mother sees after the appearance of the first limb of the child is Nifas, provided that it stops before or on completion of the tenth day. While in the condition of Nifas, a woman is called Nafsa.
515. The blood which a mother sees before the appearance of the first limb of the child is not Nifas.
516. It is not necessary that the baby is fully grown. Even if a coagulum of blood comes out from womb, about which the woman herself or four midwives say that if that blood would have remained in the womb, it would have become a child, the blood seen by the mother for ten days will be Nifas.
517. It is possible that Nifas blood may be discharged for an instant only, but it never exceeds 10 days.
518. If a woman doubts whether she has aborted something or not, or whether the thing aborted would have turned into a child or not, it is not necessary for her to investigate, and the blood which is discharged in this situation is not Nifas.
519. Halting or pausing in a masjid or touching the script of Qur’an and other acts which are Haraam for a Haa’ez are also Haraam for a Nafsa and those acts which are obligatory, Mustahab or Makrooh for a Haa’ez are also obligatory, Mustahab or Makrooh for a Nafsa.
520. It is void to divorce a woman who is in the state of Nifas, and having sexual intercourse with her is Haraam. However, if her husband has sexual intercourse with her, as per recommended precaution, he should give Kaffara as mentioned in the rules of Hayz.
521. When a woman becomes Pak from Nifas, she should do Ghusl and perform the acts of worship. And if she sees blood again, and the total number of days on which blood is seen and the intervening days during which she remains Pak is 10 or less than 10, as per obligatory precaution, the blood seen in those days will be classified as Nifas.
In the intervening days, she will perform all that is obligatory for a Pak woman and also refrain from all acts which are forbidden to a woman in Nifas.
522. If a woman becomes Pak from Nifas, but feels that there might be blood in the interior part, she should insert some cotton, and wait till she finds out. If she finds herself Pak, then she should perform Ghusl for the acts of worship.
523. If Nifas blood is seen by a mother for more than 10 days and she has a fixed habit of Hayz, then her Nifas will be equal to the duration of Hayz and the rest would be Istihadha. And, if she does not have a fixed habit of Hayz, for ten days she will treat it as Nifas and the rest as Istihadha. As per recommended precaution, a woman who has a fixed habit of Hayz, should act as a Mustahadha from the day after her habit is over, and for a woman with no fixed habit of Hayz, from the tenth to the eighteenth day since the child birth, should act as a Mustahadha, and should refrain from the acts forbidden for Nafsa.
524. If the habit of Hayz of a woman is less than 10 days and after delivery blood is seen for more days than the days of her Hayz, she should treat the days equal to the days of her Hayz as Nifas. After that, as per obligatory precaution, for two days she should leave her acts of worship (Ibadaat), and after two days till the tenth day she should act according to the rules of Istihadha and should refrain from the acts forbidden for Nafsa. And if the blood continues to be seen even after 10 days, it will be classified as Istihadha, and all the days in excess of her habit, up to the tenth day, will also be Istihadha and she should offer Qadha of the acts of worship which she did not perform during those days.
For example, if a woman’s duration of Hayz was 6 days and her blood comes for more than 6 days, she should treat 6 days as Nifas and on the 7th, 8th as per obligatory precaution, she should leave the acts of worship, and on 9th and 10th day she should act according to the rules of Istihadha and should refrain from the acts forbidden for Nafsa. And if she sees blood for more than ten days, all the days in excess of her habitual duration of Hayz will be treated as the days of Istihadha.
525. If a woman, with a fixed habit of Hayz sees blood continuously for a month or more after giving birth to a child, the blood seen for the days equal to her Hayz habit will be Nifas, and the blood seen after that for ten days will be Istihadha, even if it coincides with the dates of her monthly Hayz. For example, there is a woman whose fixed Hayz habit is from 20th to 27th of every month, if she gives birth on the 10th of a given month, and she continues to see blood for a month or more; her Nifas will be seven days, equal to her Hayz days, and will be from 10th to 17th of that month; and the blood which she continues to see from the 17th onwards for ten days, even
the blood which is seen during her habit i.e. from 20th to 27th, will be classified as Istihadha.
After the lapse of 10 days, if bleeding continues, then it is Hayz if it falls in the days of habit, irrespective of whether it has the signs of Hayz or not. Similarly, if it is not the days of her habit but bears the signs of Hayz, then it will be classified as Hayz.
After the lapse of ten days of Nifas, if she sees blood which is not during her habit of Hayz and does not bear the signs of Hayz, as per precautionary measures, until she is not sure of blood being Hayz, she should refrain from the acts forbidden for Haa’ez and should act according to the rulings of Mustahadha.
526. If a woman does not have a fixed habit of duration, and if after giving birth, she sees blood continuously for a month or more, the blood discharged for the first 10 days will be classified as Nifas; and for the next 10 days it is Istihadha. And as regards the blood seen thereafter, if it bears the signs of Hayz, then it will be classified as Hayz otherwise it will be Istihadha.