Rules of Namaz – e – Mayyit
600. It is obligatory to offer Namaz – e – Mayyit for every Muslim, even if it is a child, however, both parents of that child or any one of them should be Muslim and child should have completed 6 years of its age.
601. It is Mustahab to offer Namaz – e – Mayyit of a child who has not completed 6 years of its age, however, to offer Namaz – e – Mayyit for a still born child is not Mustahab.
602. Namaz – e – Mayyit should be offered after the dead body has been given Ghusl, Hunoot and Kafan and if it is offered before the performance of these acts, it does not suffice, even if it is due to forgetfulness or on account of not knowing the rule.
603. It is not necessary for a person who offers Namaz – e – Mayyit to be in state of Wudhu or Ghusl or Tayammum nor is it necessary that his body and dress be Pak.
Rather there is no harm even if his dress is a usurped one. However, as per obligatory precaution, one should avoid speaking, laughing and not facing Qibla and similarly should avoid all those acts which voids the Namaz.
604. One who offers Namaz – e – Mayyit should face the Qibla, and it is also obligatory that at the time of Namaz – e – Mayyit, the dead body remains before him on its back, in a manner that its head is on his right and its feet on his left side.
605. The place where a man stands to offer Namaz – e – Mayyit should not be a usurped one, and it should not be higher or lower than the place where the dead body is kept. However, it being a little higher or lower is immaterial.
606. The person offering Namaz – e – Mayyit should not be distant from the dead body. However, if he is praying in a congregation, then there is no harm in his being distant from the dead body in the rows which are connected to each other.
607. In Namaz – e – Mayyit, one who offers prayers should stand in such a way that the dead body is in front of him, except if the Namaz is prayed in Jama'at (congregation) and the lines extend beyond on both sides, then praying away from the dead body will not be objectionable.
608. There should be no curtain or wall or any other obstruction between the dead body and the person offering Namaz – e – Mayyit. However, there is no harm if the dead body is in a coffin or in any other similar thing.
609. The private parts of the dead body should be concealed when Namaz – e – Mayyit is being offered. And if it was not possible to give Kafan, even then, at least its private parts should be covered with a board or brick or any similar thing.
610. A person should be standing while offering Namaz – e – Mayyit and should offer it with the Niyyat of Qurbat, specifying the dead person for whom he is praying. For example, he should make his intention thus: "I am offering Namaz for this dead person in compliance with the pleasure of Allah".
611. If there is no one who is capable of praying Namaz – e – Mayyit while standing, then it can be offered while sitting.
612. If the deceased had made a will that a particular person should lead the prayers for him, as per precautionary measure, such a person should take permission from the guardian of the dead person, and guardian must give permission.
613. It is Makrooh to repeat Namaz – e – Mayyit a number of times, unless the dead person was an Aalim and pious one, in which case it is not Makrooh.
614. If a dead body is buried without Namaz – e – Mayyit, either intentionally or forgetfully, on account of an excuse, or if it transpires after its burial that the prayers offered for it was void, by the time the decay of the dead body has not taken place, it is obligatory that with the conditions mentioned for Namaz – e – Mayyit, Namaz should be offered on the grave of the deceased.