Conditions of Amr Bil Ma’roof wa Nah’yi ‘Anil Munkar
2862. There are five conditions of Amr Bil Ma’roof wa Nah’yi ‘Anil Munkar:
1. A person who wants to enjoin or forbid, should know Ma’roof and Munkar himself, and should be certain about the obligations of Ma’roof and Munkar, and should not make mistakes.
2. One should presume that the enjoining and forbidding will be effective. So, if his presumption is not rational, the obligation will be removed.
3. A person who has abandoned an obligatory act or has committed a Haraam act and is persistent should be enjoined or forbidden. Therefore, if one knows that he has quitted or will not do it again, the obligation will be removed.
4. One should be certain that a person knows about the obligation of Ma’roof and the forbiddance of Munkar, and he is not abandoning the obligatory act or committing a Haraam act due to an excuse. Therefore, if a person believed that a forbidden act was permissible or regarding an obligatory act that it could be abandoned, in this case, the obligation to enjoin in good deeds and to forbid from bad acts will be removed. And same rules apply in a case that a person has a genuine reason of abandoning an obligatory act or performing a forbidden act. However, incautious should be punished and an ignorant should be guided, and punishing and guiding is obligatory.
5. One should be certain that his enjoining and forbidding does not carry any harm to him. If he presumes rationally about a harm, the obligation will be removed.