One of the other Wajib acts and yearly programs of Islam, for the self-building of the Muslim is fasting. In this act of worship, a person leaves various actions, which will be explained shortly, from the Adhan of Fajr until Maghrib, only in obedience to the command of Allah (SWT).
Niyyat for Fasting
- Fasting is one of the acts of worship, and must be performed for the pleasure of Allah (SWT) (Complying with the order of Allah (SWT)), and this is the Niyyat of fasting.
- A person can specify the Niyyat each preceding night for the month of Ramadhan for the following days fast, but it is better that the Niyyat be made on the first night of the month, for the entire month fasts.
- It is not necessary that the Niyyat be recited with the tongue (spoken), rather, even if one does not perform those actions that make the fast void from the Adhan of Fajr until Mahgrib because (one wishes) to follow the commandments of Allah (SWT), then this too will be sufficient.
The Things that Make the Fast Void
The person fasting must avoid certain acts from the Adhan of Fajr until Mahgrib, and if any of these acts are performed, then the fast will become void. The collection of these actions are referred to as the “Things which make the Fast void”, include the following:
- Eating and drinking
- Having a thick dust (or smoke) reach the throat
- Placing the complete head under water
Other than the things listed above, there are also other actions that make the Fast void, and one who would like to learn these additional things can refer to the Taudheeh al – Masael (Islamic Law book), rule number 1581 for more information.
The Rules of those Things that Make the Fast Void
Eating and Drinking
- If the person who is fasting intentionally eats or drinks something, then his fast will become void.
- If someone intentionally swallows some food that was stuck between the teeth, then the fast will become void.
- Swallowing the saliva that is in the mouth does not make the fast void, no matter how much is swallowed.
- If the person who is fasting accidentally eats or drinks something (because he does not remember that he is fasting), then the fast will not become void.
- A person is not allowed to break his fast if he feels weak, but if his weakness is to such an extent that normally one cannot tolerate it, then there is no problem in breaking the fast.
Having an Injection
Having an injection or getting serum (for example an intravenous) does not make the fast void.
Allowing thick dust (or smoke) to reach the throat
If thick dust reaches to the throat of a person who is fasting, then the fast will become void, whether the dust is a dry dust like flour or something that is not dry like dirt.
Placing the complete head under water
- If a person who is fasting submerges his entire head under water, then according to Ihtiyat Wajib, the fast will become void.
- If a person who is fasting is forced into the water (not by his own will), and his complete head goes under water; or if he forgets that he is fasting and submerges his head under water, then his fast will not become void. However, as soon as he remembers (that he is fasting), he must immediately remove his head out from the water.
- Any time a person who is fasting intentionally vomits, even if it as a result of some sickness, then the fast will become void.
- If a person who is fasting does not remember that he is fasting, or if he is forced to vomit, then the fast will not become void.