Before starting the Salat, one must perform Wudhu, and prepare one’s self for this important act of worship.
In some instances, one must also perform Ghusl – meaning that the complete body is washed in a special way; and any time one cannot perform the Wudhu or Ghusl, then one must perform another action called Tayammum.
How do we perform Wudhu?
To perform Wudhu, one must first start by washing the face, then wash the right arm, followed by the left arm. After this, the moisture that is in the hand from the washing, must be wiped on the head, meaning, the right hand is wiped on the top of the head, and then the right foot and left foot are wiped (with this moisture – no extra can be used).