رسول الله صلى الله عليه و آله :شَعبانُ شَهري و رَمَضانُ شَهرُ اللّهِ فَمَن صامَ شَهري كُنتُ لَهُ شَفيعا يَومَ القِيامَةِ پيامبر صلى الله عليه و آله :شعبان ، ماه من و رمضان ماه خداوند است . هر كه ماه مرا روزه بدارد ، در روز قيامت شفيع او خواهم... بیشتر
چهارشنبه: 1401/02/28
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His Holiness Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him)
A Special Article on the Occasion of the Martyrdom of Imam Musa Al-Kazim (a.s.)

The name of His Holiness is Musa and his titles are Abd As-Salih, Aalim and Bab Al-Hawaij. The most famous title of His Holiness is Kazim and his nickname is Abul Hasan, the First. He lived for about fifty four years. He was born on the 7th of Safar in the year 128 Hijri and was poisoned by Sindi bin Shahik on the 25th of Rajab, 183 Hijri, by the order of Harun Al-Rashid (may Allah curse him), which is how he attained the sublime status of martyrdom.  

An Excerpt from the Ziyarat of Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him)


السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلاَيَ يَا مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُه
أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ الْإِمَامُ الْهَادِي وَ الْوَلِيُّ الْمُرْشِدُ وَ أَنَّكَ مَعْدِنُ التَّنْزِيلِ وَ صَاحِبُ التَّأْوِيلِ‏
وَ حَامِلُ التَّوْرَاةِ وَ الْإِنْجِيلِ وَ الْعَالِمُ الْعَادِلُ وَ الصَّادِقُ الْعَامِلُ‏
يَا مَوْلاَيَ أَنَا أَبْرَأُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكَ وَ أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ بِمُوَالاَتِكَ‏
فَصَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى آبَائِكَ وَ أَجْدَادِكَ وَ أَبْنَائِكَ وَ شِيعَتِكَ وَ مُحِبِّيكَ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُه‏


Peace be upon you, O my master Musa the son of Ja’far. Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon you. I bear witness that you are verily the guiding leader and the guardian who leads to the right guidance, you are verily the core of the Revelation, the man of true interpretation, the bearer of the Torah and the Gospel, the knowledgeable, the decent, the veracious, and the one who puts his knowledge in practice. O my master, I repudiate your enemies in the presence of Allah and I seek nearness to Allah through loyalty to you. So, may Allah bless you, your fathers, your forefathers, your descendants, your partisans, and your devotees. May Allah’s mercy and blessing be upon them.


Supplication of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him)


إِلَهِي خَشَعَتِ الْأَصْوَاتُ لَكَ وَ ضَلَّتِ الْأَحْلاَمُ فِيكَ‏
وَ وَجِلَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْكَ وَ هَرَبَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ إِلَيْكَ‏
وَ ضَاقَتِ الْأَشْيَاءُ دُونَكَ وَ مَلَأَ كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ نُورُكَ‏
فَأَنْتَ الرَّفِيعُ فِي جَلاَلِكَ وَ أَنْتَ الْبَهِيُّ فِي جَمَالِكَ‏
وَ أَنْتَ الْعَظِيمُ فِي قُدْرَتِكَ وَ أَنْتَ الَّذِي لاَ يَئُودُكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ
يَا مُنْزِلَ نِعْمَتِي يَا مُفَرِّجَ كُرْبَتِي وَ يَا قَاضِيَ حَاجَتِي‏
أَعْطِنِي مَسْأَلَتِي بِلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ آمَنْتُ بِكَ مُخْلِصاً لَكَ دِينِي‏
أَصْبَحْتُ عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَ وَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِالنِّعْمَةِ
وَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ الَّتِي لاَ يَغْفِرُهَا غَيْرُكَ‏
يَا مَنْ هُوَ فِي عُلُوِّهِ دَانٍ وَ فِي دُنُوِّهِ عَالٍ‏
وَ فِي إِشْرَاقِهِ مُنِيرٌ وَ فِي سُلْطَانِهِ قَوِيٌّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِه


O my God, all sounds are submissive to You, all intellects are too short to recognize You [as exactly as You are], all things are fearful of You, all things plea to You, all things are too tiny in comparison with You, and Your light fills all things. Therefore, You are the Exalted in Your Majesty, You are the Luminous in Your splendor, You are the Great in Your Omnipotence, and You are Whom nothing can tire. O He who sends down my bounties! O He who relieves my agonies! O He who settles my needs! [Please] Give answer to my Request, and in the name of ‘there is no God save You’. I believe in You and I am sincere to You in obedience. I begin my day keeping my covenant and promise to You as much as I can. I confess of Your favour to me and I beseech You to forgive my sins that none else can forgive. O He who is nigh in His sublimity, Sublime in His nearness, Brilliant in His glow, and Powerful in His [absolute] authority! (Please) send blessings upon Mohammad and his Household.


Lessons from the life of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him)

  • Ibrahim bin Abdul Hamid said: I entered the house of Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him), in the same room where he used to offer his prayers. Inside the house, I saw nothing but a mat, one sword hanging and a Quran.
  • It is narrated that His Holiness always offered the night Nawafil (recommended) prayers and joined them to the Morning prayer. Then he used to perform the post prayer rites until the sunrise. Then he used to place his head in prostration and not lift his head until the time of noon (Zuhr).
  • He used to pray continuously in this manner: “O Allah, I request you for relief at the time of death and forgiveness on the Day of Reckoning”.
  • He used to weep out of Allah’s fear in such a way that his beard became wet with his tears.
  • He attained the title of “Kazim” due to his suppression of anger and forbearance.
  • At nights, he used to visit the city’s poor carrying baskets filled with money (gold and silver coins), wheat and dates for them, in such a way that they could not recognize the person who helped them.
  • He had the Holy Quran in his memory better than anyone else and his was the best voice while recitation of Quran compared to all the other people. While reciting Quran, he used to become grieved and those who heard him reciting Quran began to weep.  

 (Translation of Bihar Al-Anwar, v. 48, p. 85-89)

Short Sayings of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him).

  • Everything has a guide; a wise man’s guide is his contemplation and the guide of one’s contemplation is silence.
  • Everything has a ride and the ride of a wise man is humility.
  • Allah (s.w.t.) has not sent the apostles and messengers but to create a perception regarding Him among the people.
  • The prayers of such a person are answered more by Allah (s.w.t.) who has more cognition of Allah (s.w.t.).
  • Whoever refrains himself from insulting people and degrading their value, Allah (s.w.t.) shall forgive him on the Day of Resurrection.
  • Whoever suppresses his anger towards the people, Allah (s.w.t.) will suppress His anger towards him on the Day of Judgment.
  • The example of this world is of Ocean water, how much ever a thirsty person drinks from it, his thirst increases further and finally it kills him.
  • He is not among us who does not calculate his deeds every day; if he has performed good deeds, he should increase them and if he has performed bad deeds, he should seek forgiveness for them and repent.
  • The dignity of this world and hereafter lies in the companionship of religious men.

(Translation of Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 17, p. 260-279)

Prayer of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him)

The prayer of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him) consists of two units (Rak’ats) and in every unit, one must recite Chapter Al-Hamd once and Chapter Tawheed twelve times.


Anecdote: Son of the Prophet

When Harun Al-Rashid arrived the city of Madina for the Ziyarat of Holy Prophet’s (peace be upon him and his progeny) grave, a group of people had accompanied him. Harun stood in front of them and said proudly: “Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah, Peace be upon you O my uncle’s son”.

Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him) came forward and said: “Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah (s.w.t.), Peace be upon you O father”.

Harun’s face color changed upon hearing this and signs of anger were evident from his face.

(Translation of Bihar Al-Anwar, v. 48, p. 88)

Anecdote: Reverence and Majesty

When Harun Al-Rashid (may Allah send His wrath upon him) decided to assassinate Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him), he suggested each and every commander and governor of his empire to take charge of this act, but none of them agreed to commit this heinous crime. He wrote a letter to his representatives who were in the foreign lands to send a few people for him who do not know any God or His Apostle. He said that he wants to perform this assassination by their medium.

His representatives sent 50 people who were unaware of Islam and Arabic language. Upon their arrival, Harun welcomed them warmly and honored them immensely. Then he asked: Who is your god and who is your prophet? They said: We do not have a god and do not recognize any prophet. Then, he sent them to the house where Imam (peace be upon him) was imprisoned and asked them to murder him. Harun was witnessing the scene from the room’s window. Just when their eyes fell on Imam, they dropped their weapons; their bodies began to shiver and they went into prostration and started weeping on the state of Imam.

Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him) moved his hand on their heads and spoke to them in their language, and they kept weeping.

When Harun witnessed this incident, he felt that a revolt might take place; so he shouted loudly and called his deputy asking him to take out all those people from the room. They came out but with such respect and honor for Imam that they did not turn their backs towards him. After coming out, they mounted their rides and without the permission of the ruler, went back to their homes.

(Translation of Bihar Al-Anwar, v. 48, p. 88)