Q1) If a person unlawfully takes a commodity from an institution, is it sufficient to seek permission from the head of the institution later in order to make it legal?
Q2) What is the rule about doing personal works during the official work timings, without calculating it as an unofficial?
Q3) Is the permission granted by the concerned manager for issues like holidays, over-time etc. considered valid if it is granted without observing the laws of the institution?
Q4) A sum of money is left with me from the budget for cultural activities; is it permissible for me to lend it to someone else as loan or to take it myself as loan and replace it later?
A1) Merely seeking permission from the head of the institution is not sufficient; he must return the commodity if it remains in its actual form, and if not, then he must pay the sum of money equal to its price to the concerned department.
A2) It depends on the rule and regulations of the institution and upon the lawful permission granted by the concerned person in charge.
A3) The head of the department can grant permission only within the limits of the regulations of the institution, and his permission against the regulations will be deemed invalid and it will not result in the nullification of legal responsibility..
A4) To make use of public wealth against the established rules and regulations of the institution is unlawful and will result in legal responsibility. Allah knows best.