Sajdah – e – Sahw (Sajdah for forgotten acts)
1245. Two Sajdah – e – Sahw become necessary for five things, and they are performed after Salam. Their method will be explained later:
And the rulings for these will be mentioned later.
1246. If a person talks, by mistake or under the impression that his prayer has ended, he should perform 2 Sajdah – e – Sahw.
1247. Sajdah – e – Sahw is not obligatory for the sound emitted by coughing and sighing, but if one inadvertently sighs or moans, like, ‘Ah’ or ‘Oh’, he should perform Sajdah – e – Sahw.
1248. If a person makes an error in some recitation, and then repeats to correct it, Sajdah – e – Sahw will not be obligatory upon him.
1249. If a person speaks few words in Namaz by mistake, and if the process is construed as having talked just once, he will perform two Sajdah – e – Sahw after Salams.
1250. If a person mistakenly forgets the Tasbihat Arba’ah, or recites it more than three times, as per recommended precaution, he should perform 2 Sajdah – e – Sahw after his prayers.
1251. If at a place where the Salam of prayers is not to be said, a person forgetfully says “AsSalamu ‘Alayna wa ‘Ala ‘Ibadil lahis Salihin” or says: “AsSalam ‘Alaykum Wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh” he should perform 2 Sajdah – e – Sahw. Similarly, if he partially recites one of these two Salams, he should perfrom 2 Sajdah – e – Sahw. But if he mistakenly says: “As Salamu ‘Alayka Ayyuhan Nabiyyu Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh” then, as per recommended precaution, he should offer 2 Sajdah – e – Sahw.
1252. If a person says, by mistake, all the 3 Salams at the time when Salam should not be recited, it is sufficient to perform 2 Sajdah – e – Sahw.
1253. If a person forgets one Sajdah or Tashahhud, and remembers it before the Ruku’ of the next Rak’at, he should return and perform it. And after the prayers, he should, as per obligatory precaution, offer two Sajdah – e – Sahw for additional standing (Qiyam).
1254. If a person remembers during Ruku’ or thereafter, that he has forgotten one Sajdah or Tashahhud of the preceding Rak’at, he should perform the Qadha of Sajdah or Tashahhud after the Salam of prayers, and should perform two Sajdah – e – Sahw.
1255. If a person does not perform Sajdah – e – Sahw after the Salam of prayers intentionally, he commits a sin, however, his Namaz is in order, but it is obligatory upon him to perform it as early as possible. And if he forgets to perform it, he should perform it immediately when he remembers.
1256. If a person doubts whether or not two Sajdah – e – Sahw have become obligatory upon him, it is not necessary for him to perform them.
1257. If a person doubts whether two or four Sajdah – e – Sahw have become obligatory upon him, it will be sufficient if he performs two Sajdah – e – Sahw.
1258. If a person knows that he has not performed one of the two Sajdah – e – Sahw, and if it is not possible to do it then, or if he knows that he has offered three Sajdah – e – Sahw forgetfully, he should perform two Sajdah – e – Sahw again.