بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم قال الله تعالي: «وَ مَا أَرْسَلْنَاکَ إِلَّا رَحْمَةً لِلْعَالَمِين» و «وَ إِنَّکَ لَعَلَى خُلُقٍ عَظِيمٍ» با اهدای سلام و تحیّات به پیشگاه مقدّس حضرت ولی الله الاعظم حجة الله امام زمان ارواح العالمین له الفداء و عرض...
يكشنبه: 1400/07/25 - (الأحد:10/ربيع الأول/1443)

The Morning of Ashura

Heartfelt writing on the tragic incident of Ashura (The Morning of Ashura)

In the name of Allah, the Almighty.

The Morning of Ashura

Peace be upon you O Aba Abdillah Al-Husain!‏

The morning of the day of Ashura is the morning of a great day of resurrection when mankind stood on the most terrifying stations and the most horrific positions, and faced such incidents that left even the celestial angels in astonishment.
 

It is a difficult and frightening morning, that is followed by such incidents and that carries such trials for mankind that are so brittle that being unbreakable against such hardships is nothing but a manifestation of the impossible and the unthinkable. If such difficulties had fallen upon the skies, the earth, and the mountains, they would not be able to bear it, and if a person carried the collective power of the entire humanity, even then it would be strange and astonishing to bear the hardships and afflictions of such a day. 
 

In the history of humanity, this day was welcomed by only one person. It did not have a precedent in the past and it will not occur in the future. One person, who is apparently a single being, but from the sight of meaning and insight, he is a world and worlds of spirituality and personality, and much more than the heavens and the earth, the paradise and all that it contains. He is the true and most perfect example of the phrase “The human face is the greatest of all the arguments sent by Allah for His creatures and it is a book written by Him with His own hands, and it is a structure that He constructed with His wisdom…”. He was a great man who stood on that day and in that field, which was filled with all that is perceived by everyone as terrifying, horrific, and unbearable.
 

The one who displayed the essence and dignity of mankind, and the peak of his greatness and value, in all the realms of creation, to all the creatures and existing beings, and the one who became the referent of verses such as “We certainly created man in the best of forms” and “So blessed is Allah, the best of creators” and “Indeed I know what you do not know”, is Husain. The Husain of humanity, the Husain of angels, the Husain of the Prophets, the Husain of Abraham and Moses and Jesus, the Husain of Mohammad and Ali and Fatima, the Husain of Hasan, the Husain of Islam, the Husain of Qur’an, the Husain of patience and steadfastness, the Husain of truth and justice, and at last, the Husain of God.

It is the Morning of the Day of Ashura. The Morning which is filled with severe afflictions that are to be welcomed by Husain (peace be upon him) and his household, and his companions, and they have to defend the religion, the Qur’an, and the dignity of the Progeny of Mohammad (peace be upon them) and the dignity of all the dignified human beings, and they have to pursue, with honor and glory, the unique path which cannot be pursued by even the most elite people throughout centuries.

It is the morning of Ashura, a huge army of tyranny and anti-humanity, an army that has arrived for performing the biggest of all crimes, and who came to siege a small and apparently little group, but one that consisted of the elites of the world. With certain decisions and firm determination, Husain (peace be upon him) and his companions announced their existence for the entire world and all the people who came in the future and the angels and everyone. Allahu Akbar! What a greatness of belief and virtuousness of motive and goal.

Although the entire existence of Husain (peace be upon him) was full of exclusive attention towards the Almighty God, and despite knowing that in that battle, the enemies will commit all kinds of atrocities, neither he and nor his companions accepted defeat. They made their enemies felt helpless with their high spirits and strength of faith in Allah throughout his way and the straight path of sacrifice in the way of the religion and warmly welcomed martyrdom.

Despite all that, this monotheist man and the special and sincere servant of God considers everything and all the powers from Him and knows Him alone as the Living and Ever-lasting being, therefore he seeks Allah with the complete invocation and announces his trust and reliance in God. He prays and supplicates in such a manner that words and expressions are incapable of describing that condition of desire, ecstasy, and attention of Husain (as) and his companions towards Allah (SWT).
 

Husain (peace be upon him) witnessed on that day something which is apparently beloved for a person and for the protection of which everyone supplicates, in certain danger. He supplicates but his supplication is not for the apparent deliverance from this abyss and great trial. He did not pray that O Lord! Save my young ones and my brothers from this killing and martyrdom, and save my household from captivity, and keep them and my companions alive, or make these wicked men have mercy on my infant, no! He did not supplicate in this manner and none of his companions and supporters supplicated in this style.

All of them were only thinking about martyrdom. They were happy that they were among the supporters of God, the supporters of the Messenger of God, and the supporters of truth. That which never came across their mind was deliverance from death. They had all drowned in the ocean of attention towards God and attainment of the success of martyrdom. Their prayer was to become as sincere and successful in the path of martyrdom and giving away lives in the way of Allah as possible. They wished to be more sacrificing and more desiring in their stand against the strikes of arrows, swords, and spikes of the enemies. Being killed in the path of God and attaining martyrdom is a great success which they were witnessing with their eyes, and with utmost desire and interest, they were moving towards it. 
 

The supplication of Husain (peace be upon him) on this day is a supplication that depicts the peak of the spiritual flight of His Holiness and explains his special and sincere connection with Allah (SWT). The great lessons that can be learned from this supplication and this situation are very constructive and significant. It is the highest level of their connection and proximity to Allah (SWT). A man whose entire existence is the meaning of “Indeed my prayer and my worship, my life, and my death are for the sake of Allah, the Lord of all the worlds”.  

The supplication is this: Allahumma Anta Thiqati Fi Kulli Kurbatin wa Anta Raja’yi Fi Kulli Shiddatin wa Anta Li Fi Kulli Amrin Nazala Bi Thiqatun wa Uddatun Kam Min Karbin Yadhafo Anhul Fu’wad wa Taqillo Fihil Heelato wa Yakhzolo Anhul Qareebo wal Ba’eedo wa Yashmato Bihil Aduwwo wa Ta’niyani Fihil Umooro Anzaltuhu Bika wa Shakautuhu Ilayka Raghiban Fihi Amman Siwaka Fa Farrajtahu wa Kashaftahu wa Kafaytanihi fa Anta Waliyyo Kulli Nematin wa Sahibo Kulli Hajatin wa Muntaha Kulli Raghbatin

 

O, Allah! You are my confidante in every sorrow and You are my hope in every hardship and You are my source of trust and my treasure in every affair that descends upon me! There are so many extreme sorrows that make the heart weak and reduce the solutions, and that makes all the near and far incapable of help, and over which the enemies gloat, and during which the actions make me drudge, I have brought those affairs in Your threshold and complained to you regarding them and turned myself away from anyone other than You, so you solved them for me and removed them and You were sufficient for me. You are the guardian of every bounty and the Master of every need and the ultimate goal of every desire.

In this supplication, whose monotheistic phrases and the connection with the sublime truths and lofty meanings should be explained by the senior clerics and the people of cognition. It is the proof of the power of faith and the reliance, trust, and hope of the Imam (peace be upon him) in God. Indications have been made towards great points in this supplication.

First: Monotheism in the position of reliance, trust, and confidence, Imam (peace be upon him) during miseries knows only Allah (SWT) as his support and source of reliance, and does not trust and rely on anyone except Allah (SWT).

Second: Monotheism in the position of hope and anticipation. In this position and level also, all his hopes are attached to Him and His best judgment during difficulties and hardships.
 

Third: He praises Allah (SWT) in every condition that He has alleviated all his miseries and sorrows, pains and agonies, and removed all those issues that weaken the heart and shut the path to a solution, and when a friend leaves his friend alone, and over which the enemy gloats.

In this position and during these terrible circumstances also, He beseeches Allah (SWT) to grant him the power of safeguarding that position and to help him endure all the afflictions and trials so that he himself, along with his household and companions, can cover the entire distance, all the stages, and elevated levels, with undeterrable determination, and leave behind all the frightening gorges of this valley with eagerness and desire, and go ahead, moving on and on, until they reach a place whose height cannot be reached by our intellects and hence, they conquer all the peaks of virtue.

This supplication and this medium of trust and reliance were accepted in the best form and Husain (peace be upon him) reached the place he wished and desired. All his goals were achieved and all his true desires and demands were fulfilled. All his friends and companions conquered the sublime peaks of proximity to Allah (SWT) and the blessings of their action shall keep blooming and remain alive and permanent till the Day of Judgment. They became the referents of the holy verse: “Allah has drawn a parable; a good word is like a good tree: its roots are steady and its branches are in the sky” throughout the centuries and periods until the day of Resurrection.

Peace be upon Husain, and the children of Husain, and the companions of Husain. May Allah bless him with His mercy and blessings.

Lotfollah Saafi

 

 

موضوع:

Sunday / 17 October / 2021
Reviver of the Sharia – The Truthful Imam

In the name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful

 

Reviver of the Sharia – The Truthful Imam

 

Allah (s.w.t.) has said: “O you who have faith! Be wary of Allah, and be with the Truthful”.

His holiness Al-Sadiq (peace be upon Him), the rightful Imam

Leader and commander of the religious people

Revived the Sharia of his grandfather, Al-Mustafa (s.a.w.s.)

Glorified the custom and religion of Love

Opened the institution of Jurisprudence and virtue

Invited men through a new beginning

 

His holiness, Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (peace be upon Him), with his comprehensive and extremely virtuous and knowledgeable personality, is someone to whom the entire Islamic world is indebted, for the directions and teachings of his holiness remain in ample and abundant quantity throughout the scientific and Islamic fields. In the fields of theology, theosophy, monotheism, ethics, jurisprudence, religious rulings, Qur’anic commentary, and all the other sciences which are studied in Islam, the works of Imam Al-Sadiq (peace be upon Him) have an extraordinary luminosity and illumination not just among the Shia community but the entire Islamic world.

 

Four Thousand Students

 

Ibn e Uqdah penned a book in which he mentioned the names of 4000 students of Imam Jafar al-Sadiq (peace be upon Him), who narrated from His Holiness concerning different sciences. He has quoted the narrations of every single one of them in his book. In other scientific fields, such as today’s neo-sciences, like Physics and Chemistry, his highness has trained students who were extraordinary in their fields, like Jabir bin Hayyan, whose books when translated in Europe, got him the title of “the father of Chemistry”. He has written five hundred to one thousand books on various subjects and quoted Imam Sadiq (peace be upon Him) throughout his writings. He was a person who possessed the knowledge and awareness of extraordinary sciences and was a student among thousands of other students of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon Him). His holiness had students in other fields also, such as the field of Anatomy. The book “Tauheed e Mufaddal”, whose translation is now available, must be studied by everyone to understand the kind of sciences his holiness (peace be upon Him) has introduced for us at that time.

For several branches of jurisprudence, we have just one narration from Imam Sadiq (peace be upon Him) upon which we have based all its rulings. In fact, it is the narrations of his holiness through which our jurisprudence and Islamic rulings have reached us.

Najashi narrates from Ahmad bin Eisa Ash’ari that he said: “I went to Kufa seeking the science of Hadith, and reached the service of Hasan bin Ali al-Washa. I asked him: Give me the book of Alaa bin Zareen and Abaan bin Othman Al-Ahmar so that I can duplicate its text. He gave me both the books. I said: Give me permission to narrate. He said: May Allah have mercy on you. Don’t be in such haste. Take it with you and write it down. Then bring it back to me and read it before me. Only then will I permit you to narrate.

I said: I do not feel secure due to the circumstances of the time.

Hasan bin Washa said: Strange! If I knew that Hadith had such seekers and its demand was so high, I would have gathered more than what I have. I met 900 Sheikhs in the Kufa Mosque and each one of them said: “I report from Jafar bin Mohammed…”

 

Imam Sadiq (peace be upon Him) introduces Imam Mahdi (May Allah hasten his reappearance)

 

Late Sheikh Sadooq (r.a.) and Sheikh Tusi (r.a.) have respectively narrated a detailed Hadith by their own chain of authenticity from Sudayr Sairafi in which the grieving and mourning of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon Him) upon the occultation of Imam Mahdi (May Allah hasten his reappearance) has been mentioned. To observe brevity, we will mention only a section of this Hadith.

Sudayr Sairafi says: Mufaddal bin Umar, Abu Baseer, Aban bin Taghlib and I visited his holiness, Imam Sadiq (peace be upon Him). We witnessed that his holiness was sitting on the ground wearing a dress stitched from hair, ruffed and open-collared, and was weeping like a father aggrieved on the death of his son. The signs of sadness and grief were apparent on his face. His eyes were filled with tears, and he was saying:

“O, my master! Your occultation (separation) has deprived me of my sleep and narrowed my rest-place. It has taken away my relief and relaxation. O, my master! Your occultation has turned my sorrows into an eternally painful one. The deprivation of one after the other will destroy the group and numbers. Just when I feel that a teardrop has dried in my eye and my grief has rested in my chest, a greater and heartrending sorrow and a more dreadful and obscure circumstance personifies in front of my eyes”.

Sudayr said: We lost our mind and our heart began to tear into pieces upon witnessing such a terrifying and frightening incident. We assumed that this weeping and wailing are due to a seriously unbearable and dreadful event, or he has suffered a great tragedy.

We said: O son of the noblest man! May Allah prevent your eyes from weeping! Which tragedy has made you weep and filled your eyes with tears? What has occurred that you are so deeply aggrieved?

His holiness took a deep sigh which increased his grief and said: “Woe unto you, I looked into the book of “Jafr” today morning. It is the book in which the knowledge of deaths, afflictions and that which has occurred and will occur till the day of Judgment is registered, and is specifically given by Allah (s.w.t.) to His Prophet, Mohammad (peace be upon him and his progeny) and the Imams who succeeded him. I contemplated upon the issues of the birth of our Hidden one, his occultation, his lengthy life, and upon the sufferings that the believers will bear in his time, and the doubts that will arise in their hearts due to his long period of occultation, and that their majority will turn back from the religion, and forsake the religion of Islam (till the end of the Hadith)”.

 

 

The Greatest Institute and University

 

What a great Madrasa and university it was? What great knowledge and sciences they possessed? The passage of time has proved the importance of the repetitive reminders of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him): “I remind you all of Allah for my Household” or “Do not teach them for they are more learned than you”.

The holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) did not praise them because they were his relatives and belonged to his family, but it was because of the position, knowledge, and status which they held.

Ibn e Ayash, one of the great scholars of the fourth century, has written a book named “Moqtadhab-ul-Asar fin Nas alal A’immatil Ithna Ashar”. Fifty years ago, I saw a copy of this book but it wasn’t published properly. I decided to get it published again and in order to make sure that this book was a work of that time, I studied all its sources and references and went through all those books which quoted from this book later on. I wrote a preface on the book in which I quoted the word of Shibrawi, the former head of Al Azhar University, regarding the greatness of the knowledge of the Prophet’s household. Sheikh Abdullah Al-Shibrawi has a book named “Al Ithaf bi hubbil Ashraaf” written on the virtues of the Sadaat (the lineage of Prophet). In that book, he quotes the words of some scholars who say: “Whoever refuses to accept the virtues of Prophet’s household, is like someone who wishes to hide the sunlight. Not anyone has asked them a question which they failed to answer”.

We must understand the preciousness of this Holy Household and the value of the teachings and directions that have reached us from them. Moreover, we must propagate these teachings in the entire world so that all those who are thirsty for these sciences can drink from this unparalleled ocean of cognition and knowledge.            

 

موضوع:

Humanity is indebted to the intellectual movement of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him)
A piece of work by Grand Ayatollah Saafi Golpaygani on the occasion of the martyrdom of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him)

Humanity is indebted to the intellectual movement of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him)

A piece of work by Grand Ayatollah Saafi Golpaygani on the occasion of the martyrdom of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him)

 

In the name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful.

In the first half of the second century Hijri, Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (peace be upon him) inaugurated a school that was unprecedented in Islam, and even after that era, such a school was not witnessed. It was the school and institution of His Holiness that gave this world the greatest scholars of Qur’anic sciences, jurisprudence, Islamic theosophy, chemistry, etc. The Shia jurisprudence which comprises thousands of laws and rules, Islamic practical and ethical programs, is mostly rather totally indebted to the endless knowledge of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him). In the likes of Hajj rulings, which is one of the greatest obligations of Islam and consists of sublime philosophies, the Islamic world had benefitted from the vast ocean of Imam Sadiq’s (peace be upon him) knowledge and as Abu Hanifa said, ‘We are all the family of Imam Jafar Sadiq’, and according to the Hadith reported from His Holiness in Sahih Muslim, one among the Ahl-e-Sunnah books, he is the source of approximately four hundred clauses regarding the rules of Hajj that are followed by the Sunni sect.

 

Indeed! In the political circumstances and conditions of Islamic countries of that time, his holiness Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him) got an important opportunity to lead the greatest intellectual movement and open a school where the most renowned Islamic clerics attended and participated as students and learners of Hadith and sciences.

 

The sciences of Imam Jafar Sadiq (peace be upon him) dominated all the intellectual Islamic countries and societies, and the clerics of Iraq, Arabia, Khorasan, and the Levant gained knowledge from him and in the cases of intellectual doubts and problems related to Islamic issues, it was his holiness alone who cleared all the doubts and solved all the problems.

 

That which requires more attention and contemplation is that the leadership of his holiness is not confined to Islamic sciences, but he has trained students in all the different sciences such as astrology, physics, mathematics, medical science, anatomy, psychology, chemistry, botany, and other sciences like these, ones who were famous and renowned in these arts; and those researches, narrations, and books which remain of him today serve as the pride of Islamic libraries and books, such as Tauheed of Mufaddal, the epistle of Ihleeljeh and the debates of his holiness with atheists and all such books stand witness to this discourse that the institute of his holiness was like a university in which departments for different sciences were established and in every school and college, discussions, lectures, and researches were done regarding a specific science.

 

For instance, one of the sciences which was inarguably taught by his holiness Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him) and had his special attention on it, was the science of chemistry, and from that great university, a genius named Jabir bin Hayyan graduated. If from the time of Jabir bin Hayyan till today, we would have given importance to the findings, studies, researches and intellectual discussions that this man benefitted from the sixth Imam and other sciences which were required for the civilized and advanced societies, then today, in the field of materialistic civilization, we would not be dependent on the west, Europe and America, because all they have is a result of Islamic governance and its sublime principles as well as the blessings of the efforts of Muslim scholars.

 

That same student had expertise in most of the Islamic sciences and medical science, anatomy, astrology, astronomy, physics, environmental studies, mathematics, chemistry, philosophy, logic, ethics, history, literature and poetry, zoology, botany, the arms industry, etc.

 

The same scholar who openly declared ten centuries before the famous theory of the English physicist, chemist, naturalist Jon Dalton, regarding the union between two elements in his book named (Al Ma’rifa Bis Sifat Al-Ilahiya wal Hikmat Al-Falsafiyah) that the pride of discovering this theory is the fortune of Jabir, not Jon Dalton.

 

Indeed! One of the students of Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him) is the same Jabir bin Hayyan among whose great works, that proves his intellectual and scientific genius, is the discovery of a light ink that will help in recitation in the dark and that was utilized for writing important and invaluable books.

 

To sum it up, we intend that each student of this great university is individually sufficient for proving its unparalleled greatness. This school and the great university have not just compelled the Shia scholars but all the senior scholars among the adversaries of the institute of the holy progeny (peace be upon him) on confessing with all explicitness regarding Imam Sadiq that he was the most learned and knowledgeable one. Abu Hanifa, the head of the Hanafi sect said, ‘I have not seen anyone more learned than Jafar bin Mohammad”.

 

Najashi has reported from Ahmad bin Esa Ash’ari in his book of Rejal that he said, ‘I went to Kufa seeking the knowledge of Hadith and reached the service of Hasan bin Ali Washa there. I told him, ‘Give me the book of Alaa bin Zarin and Aban bin Othman Ahmar so that I can duplicate from them; he gave me those two books. I said: Grant me permission for narration. He said: May Allah have mercy on you, you are in such a hurry. Take it with you and write it down, then bring it back to me and read for me so that I can listen and then grant you the permission for narration. I said: I do not feel secure from the forthcoming time for myself. Hasan bin Washa said: How strange! If I knew that narrations have such seekers and customers, I would have gathered more than what I have. I have seen 900 Sheikhs in the Kufa mosque who used to say unanimously: Jafar bin Mohammad narrated for me”.

 

Really, what kind of a school and great university it was that compelled both the supporters and the enemies towards astonishment and surprise, and with time, it showed why Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him and his household) used to say several times, ‘My household and my progeny’; it was for these positions and sciences and grades which they held, but unfortunately, politics moved forward in such a way that it blocked the public reference towards the holy Progeny (peace be upon them) to such an extent that the likes of Bukhari have not even reported one single Hadith from his holiness Imam Jafar Sadiq (peace be upon him).

 

We must understand the importance of this school of thought and this precious treasure of knowledge and teachings, and we must all learn from this great university and during the days of his holiness’ martyrdom, we must participate in the mourning sessions of his martyrdom and honor them with utmost respect and reverence.

 

موضوع:

A Reformist Reviver

In the name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

A Reformist Reviver

The eminent personality of His Holiness, Imam Hasan (a.s.), the glorified leader, is much greater for the likes of me to be able to write down an article for its elucidation or a book for that matter.

 

From the viewpoint of Sunni scholars

 

In addition to the great Shia scholars and writers, the senior Sunni clerics, scholars, and clergymen have penned numerous books on the biography and life sketch of his holiness (a.s.). They have mentioned the virtues and distinguishing qualities of this great personality in several books based on history, narrations, commentaries, moral values, biographies, etc.; such as “Sahih Bukhari”, “Sahih Muslim”, “Sunan e Tirmizi”, “Sunan-e-Ibn Maja”, “Tabaqat-e-Ibn Sa’d”, “Sunan e Abi Daood”, “Khasais e Nisayi”, “Jamius Sagheer”, “Masabeehus-Sunnah”, “As’aaf ur Raghibeen”, “Noor-ul-Absaar”, “Tazkirat-al-Khawaas”, “Al-Ithaaf”, “Kifayat-al-Talib”, “Sharh-e-Nehj-ul-Balagha Ibn-e-Abil Hadeed”, “Mir’aat-al-Jinaan”, “Multaqi-al-Asfiya”, “Nazm Durr-as-Samtain”, “Faraid-as-Samtain”, “Seerat-al-Halabiya”, “Usd-al-Ghabah”, “Al-Isteeab”, “Al-Isaabah”, “Tareekh-al-Khulafa”, “Al Fusool Al-Mohimma” etc.

To observe brevity, we will now present the translation of a few sections of the book “Ahl-al-Bait”, penned by “Taufeeq Abu Ilm”, with a few additions. It is one of the most recent books compiled by the Sunnis in the year 1390 Hijri. It has been written in Egypt.

 

Innumerable Virtues

 

Both Shias and Sunnis share this belief that his holiness (a.s.) is one of the companions of “Kisa” regarding whom the verse of Tat’heer (purification) has been revealed; and according to the Mutawatir narration of “Thaqlain”, he is equivalent to the Holy Quran. Moreover, he is one of those four people who accompanied the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) against the Nasara (Christians) of Najran for “Mubahila”.

It is narrated from Osama bin Zayd that the holy Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: These two (Hasan and Husain) are my sons and the sons of my daughter. O, Allah! I love them, so You love them as well, and love all those who love them.

Aisha is reported to have said that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) used to take Hasan (a.s.) in his arms and say: “My Lord! This is my son and I love him, so love him and love all those who love him”.

Anas bin Malik says: “Hasan (a.s.) came near the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny). I wanted to take him away from the holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) when the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) said: Woe unto you O Anas! Leave my son and the fruit of my life alone. Whoever harms him, has harmed me, and whoever harms me, has harmed Allah (s.w.t.)”.

            

Moral Generosities

 

Imam Hasan (a.s.) was brought up in the House of revelation and nurtured in the School of Monotheism, the benevolent and merciful hands of his grandfather, Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him and his progeny). He was an example of moral generosities, desirable traits, and good behavior. One of the reasons that his personality was so widely loved was his kind moral behavior towards people. He was praised and alluded to by everyone because of his praiseworthy qualities.

Politeness, forbearance, eloquence, truthfulness, generosity, bravery, piety, God-wariness, humbleness, and all the other commendable qualities existed in him; the Mohammedan character was prominent and apparent in him.

 

Fear of the Divine Punishment

 

Imam Hasan (a.s.) was the greatest worshipper, the greatest ascetic, and the most learned man of his time. Whenever he intended to perform the Hajj pilgrimage, he used to travel on foot and even barefooted on several journeys. When he used to perform ablution, his body would begin to shiver, his color would turn pale, and he would never abandon the remembrance of Allah (s.w.t.) in any condition. He was pious, forbearing, learned, and he was God-wary.

 

Unparalleled Asceticism.

 

His asceticism was on such a level that he had forsaken all the means of love and association with worldly affairs and its bounties. He was focused on the final abode and the ultimate residence of the pious men. He was such that he said for himself: “Whoever knows Allah, loves Him, whoever knows the world becomes ascetic in it, a believer does not diverse unto negligence, when he contemplates, he becomes sorrowful”.

Imam (a.s.) overlooked statesmanship and governance for the sake of securing the welfare of Islam and Muslims. Whenever Imam (a.s.) brought the thought of death and human position in his mind, he used to begin weeping unintentionally; and when he used to weep while thinking about resurrection and walking through the Siraat; and upon thinking about standing before Allah at the time of reckoning, he used to become unconscious amidst wailing and crying.

 

Exhibition of the Divine Mercy

 

Like his grandfather, Prophet Mohammad (p.b.u.h.), Imam Hasan (a.s.) was also an eminent example of the divine mercy, which filled the hopeless and aggrieved hearts with hope and mercy. He used to visit the weak and the sick; participated in the funeral rituals of the dead; accept the invitation of the Muslims and made sure that no one feels hurt by him; he never harmed anyone or committed an evil act against any person. He used to sit in the company of the poor and repel evil conduct with good behavior.

 

Imam’s Forbearance

 

Imam Hasan (a.s.) was by all its meaning a true human being and a complete example of the great character of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him and his progeny). He was not incited by his anger and wasn’t moved by undesired personal affairs. He didn’t act upon anything under the influence of his anger and his actions always called others towards these verses:

“…and suppress their anger, and excuse (the faults of) the people, and Allah loves the virtuous”.[1]

“Good and evil (conduct) are not equal. Repel (evil) with what is best.”[2]

His holiness (a.s.) responded to whatever he witnessed from his enemies with patience, forgiveness, and pardon. Marwan bin Hakam, one of the wickedest enemies of the Prophet’s household (peace be upon them), compared the forbearance and endurance of his holiness (a.s.) with a mountain.

His holiness (a.s.), just like his grandfather, was a universal example of forbearance, pardon, and forgiveness. History has preserved precious incidents regarding his moral values and it implies the fact that he was among the foremost ones and the founders of etiquettes and moral values in the Islamic world.

 

Love for the People

 

His Holiness (a.s.) was soft-spoken, sociable, affectionate, and beloved. Old and young, all the people loved him for his praiseworthy qualities. He was always generous and munificent towards the people; both towards those who requested him and those who didn’t.

From the Morning Prayer until sunrise, he used to sit for post-prayer supplications. Then he used to pay visits to the ones he must and treated them with love and affection. After offering the Dhuhr prayer, he used to sit inside the mosque and give people knowledge and teach them manners.

This was a drop from the ocean of virtues and qualities of Imam Hasan al-Mujtaba (peace be upon him) which are much more than anything countable. In the end, I would like to present a few couplets in the holy threshold of Imam Hasan (a.s.):

 

His shrine is the shrine of God

His door’s dust is Kabah for the loyal devotees   

 

His existence is grace and love personified

His heart is the spring of Divine blessing

 

His dignity itself and the pearl of the ocean of kindness

His face is the mirror that exhibits truth

 

He is the model of forbearance, leniency, and endurance

He is the depicter of mercy, peace, and purity

 

He is the origin of excellences and good traits

He is the treasure of sacrifice, forgiveness, and modesty

 

After Ali (a.s.), the king of Wilayah,

He is the motive and intention of two “Innama”[3]

 

For him are the verses of Tat’heer[4] and “fa man Haaj’jaka”[5]

A chapter of his virtues is “Hal Ataa”[6]

 

He is the knower of the Tafsir (commentary) and inner-knowledge of the Book

A witness to this claim is the verse “Qul Kafaa”[7]

 

In his hands lies the affairs of the universe

Even death is obedient to his command

 

Everyone benefits from the cloud of his bestowment

His kindness ends the sorrows of the sorrowful

 

He is forgiving like the Messenger (p.b.u.h.)

Bound by the covenant of “Alast” and “Bala”[8]

 

Who is the possessor of these qualities and virtues?

For whom is all this value, nobility, and position?

 

He is the greatest son, protector of the clear Law

He is the Master of the noblemen, Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.)

 

 

 

 

[1] Chapter Al-i-Imran, verse 134

[2] Chapter Fussilat, verse 34

[3] Chapter Al-Ahzab, verse 33; Chapter Al-Ma’ida, verse 55

[4] Chapter Al-Ahzab, verse 33

[5] Chapter Al-i-Imran, verse 61

[6] Chapter Al-Insan, verse 1

[7] Chapter Ar-Ra’d, verse 43

[8] Chapter Al-A’raf, verse 172

موضوع:

Sunday / 17 October / 2021
The Culture of Anticipation, the Culture of Hopefulness – A series of Articles by His Eminence Grand Ayatollah Saafi Golpaygani on the ten holy days of Mahdawiyyah. (First Article)
The Culture of Anticipation, the Culture of Hopefulness - on the ten days of Mahdawiyyah (1)

In the name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful

          The contemporary world is the world of advancement in arts and industries, the world of communications, the world of information regarding molecules and the material creatures that are smaller than molecules till the greatest of existing planets, in a space whose extensiveness and dimensions have been discovered by human beings up to millions of light-years, the world in which every small or big part, every visible and invisible existent, every human being and animal, every tree and tree-leaf, and every bud and fruit, and every stone and pebble, and every mountain and mine, and ocean, sea, and river, and every aquatic, flying, and terrestrial living thing is itself a great world that consists of its own characteristics, wonders, and numerous signs. It is a world whose actual description is not possible for the human writers, and whose infinite and boundless numbers and alphabets and words, which constitute the book of creation and the formative book, are described by the Powerful and All-Knowing Creator in this manner:

Say, ‘If the sea were ink for the words of my Lord, the sea would be spent before the words of my Lord are finished, though We replenish it with another like it.’ (The Qur’an 18:109.)[1]

 

The Contemporary World and The Unsolvable Problems of Humanity

In the contemporary world, when humans have solved a lot of age-old problems and numerous issues which had remained unsolved for a long time, with the help of the power of knowledge, research, and their god-gifted potential, and on the other hand, they have also invented many dangerous weapons of mass killing and destruction, but instead of increasing the peace of mind, relaxation of heart, and satisfaction towards future and a desire for the continuation of life, eternity, and survival, these sublime emotions became weaker inside them, and it appears that they are nearing a downfall. Instead of creating a brighter and stronger light of hope in his inward self, it is inclining towards extinguishment.

The disappointing pictures of life, and the great machinery of the material schools of thought, and the human being himself, and all the countless signs and indications and secrets that exist inside him, have depicted everything to be meaningless and valueless, and human society has been made to confront the danger of heedlessness and lack of inclination shown by the youths and future generations towards life. This purpose has been aided by the injustices, oppression, atrocities, and exploitations committed by the strong and big governments, who are termed as the superpowers. Also, their political and economic games, and the existence of a great section of society below the poverty line, and the different kinds of pressures, and the billions of dollars spent for the sake of weapons, and tens and hundreds of other such factors, have served this purpose.

 Especially, they disappoint human beings from trusting such systems which are based on spirituality and eventually drive the young generation towards the consumption of drugs and other illegal activities. These poisonous advertisements are done by the newspapers, magazines, radios, and televisions, and all the programs that are broadcasted through them, strengthen this disappointment and hopelessness, and intoxicate the human intelligence, and portray the human virtues and excellences, their feelings of kindness, affection, and justice as valueless and insignificant.   

            Despite all the industrial advancements and all the understandings that are apparently available for us, the hope of mankind towards life and inward peace has reduced and is facing a sharp decline. Its proof is his act of seeking refuge in addictions and intoxicating substances, which threaten the future generation more severely than AIDS.

 

Peace and satisfaction under the shadow of divine religions

One of the greatest distinctive virtues of the divine religions is the peace and satisfaction which they create inside the hearts, and make everyone hopeful of a better and more advanced future. 

Islam has propagated this quality at the topmost level and made mankind hopeful for the future, by eradicating the factors of hopelessness and disappointment from his life, and by giving the correct explanation for human life, and all the afflictions and pains that human beings have to deal with in their life. It depicts all these things as a milestone for elevation, progress, and excellence. The soulful and soothing voice of the Holy Qur’an in the verses such as: “Do not despair of the mercy of Allah”[2], and “Do not despair of Allah’s mercy”[3], create a sense of happiness, hopefulness, foresight, and steadfastness in human beings. And it is the Qur’an and the guidance of the Qur’an in a verse like: “Warfare has been prescribed for you, though it is repulsive to you. Yet it may be that you dislike something, which is good for you, and it may be that you love something, which is bad for you, and Allah knows and you do not know”[4], that gives so much spiritual strength to the humans that they walk forward in extremely dangerous situations and show readiness to face extreme difficulties. To return the value of today’s human being, we must return him towards the religion, the divine teachings, and the guidance of the Qur’an.

 

 

Good tidings for the arrival of the age of establishment of Universal Justice.

As you all know, one of the hope-giving prophesies made by all the divine religions, or rather, all other religions are also in agreement with it, is the good tidings regarding the time when universal justice will be established and a single government will be formed for everyone.

It will be the government of noble and righteous authorities and administrators, the government of Allah’s servants, and the society of Allah’s servants. It will be a government whose leader would be the purest of all human beings, the noblest among all the servants of Allah, the one who is supported by Allah, the Remainder of Allah’s argument, and the successor and inheritor of the chosen one among the Apostles of Allah and the Godly men.

It will be a time and age when the apparent and hidden bounties and blessings will all become available; when there will be no poverty, lower class, or upper class. Everyone will be served and everyone will be the servant. In short, it will be the government of Imam Mahdi (ATFS), the Riser from Prophet Mohammad’s household (peace be upon them), the government of the Master of all the command and the master of time. It will be the government of the one for whom it is said, ‘Through him, Allah (SWT) will fill the Earth with knowledge, justice, and fairness, after it would be filled with ignorance, oppression and transgression”[5].

 

It is a government that was prophesied by the heavenly books such as Torah, Bible, Psalms, and the Holy Qur’an (the greatest, everlasting, and eternal evidence of the apostleship of all the prophets), and whose good tidings and hope was given to all the humans. It is a governance that gives meaning to hundreds of Qur’anic verses and the verses like “Indeed ease accompanies hardship. Indeed ease accompanies hardship”[6], “And we desired to show favor to those who were abased in the land and to make them imams, and to make them the heirs”[7], “Allah has promised those of you who have faith and do righteous deeds that He will surely make them successors in the earth, just as He made those who were before them successors, and He will surely establish for them their religion which He has approved for them, and that He will surely change their state to security after their fear, while they worship Me, not ascribing any partners to Me. Whoever is ungrateful after that – it is they who are the transgressors”[8], declare it as certain and definite. We all must be hopeful for the future and must await that time and era in which the truth and justice will be fully established, and we must act for it, and consider our lives and all the lives of all human beings as devoted to those great purposes and valuable goals. This faith, indicating which is the verse “Who believe in the Unseen”[9], is extremely sublime, strengthening, propelling, and increasing the efforts and endeavors.    

  

The likes of this verse: “Certainly We wrote in the Psalms, after the Torah: ‘Indeed My righteous servants shall inherit the earth’[10], among the verses of Qur’an, which are all light and cure, have their own luminosity, and they warn us that in any condition and every circumstance, how much ever the wrongdoers and the oppressors dominate us, it is not permissible for us to retreat and forsake the barricades of sincerity, effort, and action. Weakness, laziness, and hopelessness do not have any place in the dictionary of anticipation and hope.

 

The likes of this tradition, ‘If no more than a single day remains from this world, surely Allah (SWT) will elongate that day to such an extent that he raises in it a man from my nation and from my household, whose the name will resemble my name, and he will fill the world with justice and fairness, the same way it would be filled with oppression and tyranny,’[11] which fully emphasizes the factor of hopefulness for mankind and declares that the future shall be certain and definite in occurrence. Such traditions must always remain in the sight of the active human beings, the fighters, the valiant humans, and the advanced humans.

 

Mankind has welcomed the school of anticipation

Among all those meaningful and attractive words, articles, thesis, and books that have been written for the guidance of human beings, for strengthening their spirits and giving them resistance against the hardships, and for providing steadfastness, stability, and firmness, those words which have been penned regarding this luminous future and about the unparalleled the divine personality of His holiness, which attracts the hearts towards him, have a special manifestation and attraction. When everyone finds themselves hopeless and finds all the doors of relief and hope to be shut, and do not find any support for themselves, they all wish to hear about him and reminisce those days of freedom and salvation. They will read these books, turn their pages, weep, moan and cry ‘Al-Ghauth’ (Help), ‘Al-Aman’ (Peace).

 

They will show special devotion towards those places and areas which are associated with that beloved of God. Among the poetries, those poems which increase their love, desire, and hope, are more warmly welcomed. The lesson and teachings that they acquire from such poems increase their happiness and hope. This ideology must be propagated among all the human beings, among the women, the men, the youth, the aged, among everyone. We must make everyone hopeful so that the culture of anticipation becomes common and universal, and the roots of despair, hopelessness, suicide, heedlessness, and the backward journey, with laziness, indulgence with toxic substances, playfulness, and forbidden acts, become dry.

We all must know and believe that darkness will alleviate. As per the order of “Allah is intent on perfecting His light”[12], the light of Islam, the light of faith, the light of justice, and the light of knowledge and cognition will be perfected and it will embrace the entire world. It has arrived in the noble narrations that: “Anticipating the Relief (Faraj) is among the best of deeds”[13]. “The greatest Jihad of my nation is to anticipate the relief (Faraj)”[14]. This anticipation is full of hope. It brings power, life, joy, and the love for Jihad. It does not carry lethargy, silence, depression, weakness, laziness, helplessness, and slackness. It is an action performed for Allah, for the elevation of the word of Allah, for the good and relief of the servants of Allah, and the journey towards Allah (SWT).  

The obligation of knowing the Imam of the Time (peace be upon him)

Today, our society, our youth, all of us, need to gain acquaintance with this institute and having an affinity with this divine school. We must perfect our cognition of the Imam of the time and the Guardian of the Age, day by day. The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) said: “Whoever dies without the cognition of the Imam of his time, will die the death of ignorance”[15]. And it has arrived in another narration: “He shall die, if he wills, as a Jew, and if he wills, as a Christian.”

          This emphasis is extremely cautionary. We must know the Imam of our time. We must read the verses and traditions that are related to His Holiness, and present them with explanations and elucidations through pulpits, in our speeches, and in our writings.

We must have awareness about the occultation of His Holiness, the special features of the age of occultation, the trials, and programs that are awaiting us, and the purification and refinement that will occur. We must have acquaintance with the objectives of His Holiness as much as possible, by seeking benefit from the hundreds of books that have been written before his birth until today.

It is mentioned in a narration that His Holiness, the Master of all martyrs, Imam Husain (peace be upon him) was asked: “O son of Allah’s messenger! May my parents be sacrificed upon you! What is the cognition of Allah?” He meant to ask, how will it be perfected. Imam (as) replied, ‘It is the cognition that must be acquired by the people of every era regarding their Imam whose obedience has been made obligatory upon them.[16] Without having the cognition of the Imam, the cognition of Allah (SWT) is not possible. “Through you, Allah (SWT) has been worshipped, and through you, Allah (SWT) was known”. The culture of acquiring the cognition of the Imam, which perfects the cognition of Allah, the cognition of the Prophet, and the cognition of Islam, must become prevalent in our society more and more.

 

 

[1] Chapter Al-Kahf, verse 109.

[2] Chapter Al-Zumar, verse 53.

[4] Chapter Al-Baqara, verse 216.

 

[5] Iqbal al-A’mal, vol. 2, p. 704.

 

[6] Chapter Ash-Sharh, verses 5 and 6.

 

[7] Chapter Al-Qesas, verse 5.

 

[8] Chapter Al-Maida, verse 9.

 

[9] Chapter Al-Baqara, verse 3.

 

[10] Chapter Al-Anbiya, verse 105.

 

[11] Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 36, p. 340, from the chapter Nusus ar-Rasul (sallalaho alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam).

 

[12] Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 23, p. 320; chapter Annahum Anwarullah wa Tawilo Ayaatin Noor Fihim (alayhimus salam).

 

[13] Hulyat Al-Abrar Fi Ahwali Mohammadin Wa Aalihi al-At’har (alayhimus salam), vol. 4, p. 14, Al-Bab Al-Thani Fi Illati Tasmiyatihi (alayhis salaam) Bis Sadiq.

 

[14] Bihar al-Anwar, vol. 74, p. 141, Baabo Ma Jumia Min Mufradati Kalimatir Rasool (sallallaho alayhi wa aalihi) wa Jawamio Kalimihi.

 

[15] Al-Kafi, vol. 1, p. 376, Baabo Man Mata Wa Laisa Lahu Imamun Min Aimmatil Huda.

 

[16] Ilal Al-Sharayi’, vol. 1, p. 9, Baabo Illati Khalqil Khalq wa Ikhtilafi Ahwalihim.

 

موضوع:

Exclusive Article on the Birth Anniversaries of the Three Lights of Wilayah

Exclusive Article on the Birth Anniversaries of the Three Lights of Wilayah

 

Peace be upon Husain (as)

السلام عليك يا اباعبدالله و علي ارواح التي حلّت بفنائك اشهد انك بذلت مهجتك في الله حتي استنقذت عباده من الجهالة و حيرة الضلالة و احييت نظام الدين صلوات الله عليك و علي اهل بيتك و اصحابك و رحمة الله و بركاته؛

 

As Salamo Alayka Ya Aba Abdillah wa Alal Arwahil Lati Hallat Be-Fina’ik Ash-hado Annaka Bazalta Muhjataka Fillah Hatta Istanqazta Ibadahu Minal Jahalati wa Hairatid Dhalalati wa Ahyayta Nizamad Deen Salawatullahi Alayka wa Ala Ahli Baitika wa As’habika wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu.

 

Peace be upon you, O’ Aba Abdillah! And Peace be upon the souls who immersed themselves in you. Indeed, you have donated your blood in the path of Allah to rescue His servants from misguidance and bewilderment of ignorance, and you have revived the system of the religion. Peace, mercy, and blessings of Allah be upon you and your household, and your companions.

 

Eternal Light (A Poem by His Eminence)

روان عالم امكان حسين است
جهان بينش و عرفان حسين است
جمال الله و اسم الله اعظم
ظهور اسم «الرّحمان» حسين است

به ابراهيم و موسي و مسيحا
ولي صاحب الاحسان حسين است
به زهرا و علي نور دو عين است
به ختم انبيا جانان حسين است

ابوالاحرار و آقاي شهيدان
وليّ اعظم يزدان حسين است
زبحر قدرت بي‌انتهايي
فروزان گوهر رخشان حسين است

به مُلك عشق و تجريد و توكّل
وليّ مطلق و سلطان حسين است
خدا را فيض اكمل نور سرمد
دليل و حجّت و برهان حسين است

 

Hussain is the soul of the world

Hussain is a universe of wisdom and mysticism

He is the (manifestation of) Allah’s beauty and the great name of Allah

Husain is the manifestation of the name “Ar-Rahman”.

For Abraham and Moses and Jesus

Husain is a friend who has favoured them

For Zahra and Ali, he is the light of their two eyes.

For the Seal of the Prophets, he is beloved.

He is the Father of all the freemen and the Master of all the martyrs.

He is the greatest Wali of the Lord

From the ocean of endless power

Husain is the glowing and shining pearl.

For the realm of love and abstraction and trust

Husain is the absolute Wali and King

He is the most excellent blessing and eternal light of God

And He is the proof, the argument, and the reason.

 

The obligation of friendship with Imam Husain (peace be upon him)

Numerous narrations mention the obligation of befriending and loving Imam Husain (peace be upon him). In one narration, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) is reported to have said: Whoever loves me, should love these two (pointing towards Imam Hasan and Imam Husain – peace be upon them). (Partawi Az Azmat e Imam Husain Alaihis Salam, p. 47).

 

The Path of Husain (peace be upon him)

We know the path of Husain (peace be upon him) as the straight path and the path of salvation and deliverance. (Ba Ashuraiyan, p. 47)

The Shias and lovers of Imam Husain (peace be upon him) must always revive the path of Husain and take it as their model of action. (Ba Ashuraiyan, p. 48).

 

 

The Path of Husain (peace be upon him) is the path of the Qur’an, the path of acting upon the laws, and the path of pride for Islam, monotheism, and faith in Allah (SWT). It is not the path of East and West and Right and Left; it is not the path of pride for the ages of infidelity and idol-worship or fire-worship and ascribing partner to God, it is not the path of the devil, the tyrants, the Pharaoh, Namrud and Jamshid. (Ba Ashuraiyan, p. 52).

 

The Secret of Imam Husain’s (peace be upon him) Eternity

If we keep Imam Husain (as) on top of all the greats and grand personalities, it is not only that we have preferred a great man, rather, we have preferred such a great person against whom all the greatness bows down, and we consider that man superior who is greater than every personality, and we prefer such a man who was at the top of all the historical men in their societies. This preference is not a new or innovative act, because the historical men spend all their lives to attain the glory and dignity of the Earth, and Imam Husain (peace be upon him) sacrificed his life in the path of gaining the heavenly glory, and such a person is greater and superior to everyone. (Aa’ina e Jamal, the work of His Eminence, p. 11).

 

The Moral Lifestyle of Imam Husain (peace be upon him).

Imam Husain (peace be upon), in his social ethics and beautiful form of interaction with the near and distant ones, held a sublime and unparalleled personality. The character of His Holiness was filled with forgiveness and pardon. His Holiness Imam Zain al-Abideen (as) reports from his honourable father that he said, ‘If a person swears at me in this year (and pointed towards his right ear) and gives excuse in the other ear, I will accept his excuse, because Amir al-Momineen (peace be upon him) has reported for me from my grandfather, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny), that he said, ‘One who does not accept the excuse from a truthful or untruthful person, He will not enter the pond (of Kowthar).’

 

Imam Husain (peace be upon him) behaved with his children, wives, relatives, and household, with utmost ethics, love, mercy, kindness, affinity and cordiality. (Aaina e Jamal, p. 27)

One of the slaves of His Holiness was pouring water on his blessed hands. The vessel of water fell from his hand on the tub and the water from the tub got splashed on the holy face of His Eminence. The slave said, ‘O my master! [وَالْكاظِمينَ الْغَيْظَ] (those who suppress their anger). His Holiness said: I have suppressed my anger. Then the slave said: [وَالْعافينَ عَنِ النّاسِ] (and excuse [the faults of] the people). The Imam said: I have excused you.

He said: [وَ اللهُ يُحِبِّ الْمحْسِنينَ] (and Allah loves the virtuous). The Imam said, ‘Go away! You have been set free in the path of Allah.’ (Partawi Az Azmat e Imam Husain Alayhis Salam, p. 211).

 

 The Supplication of Imam Husain (peace be upon him)

Imam Husain (peace be upon him), on the night of Ashura, arrived in the gathering of his friends and loyal companions, and delivered a sermon, in the beginning of which he said:

اثْني عَلَي اللهِ اَحْسَنَ الثَناءِ، وَ اَحْمَدُهُ عَلَي السَرّاءِ، وَ الضَرّاءِ. اَللّهُمَّ اِنِّي اَحْمَدُكَ عَلَي اَنْ اَكرَمْتَنا بِالْنُبُوَّةِ؛ وَ عَلَّمْتَنَا الْقُرآنَ، وَفَقَّهْتَنا فِي الدّينِ، وَجَعَلْتَ لَنا اَسْماعاً، وَأبْصاراً، وَ اَفْئِدَةً فَاجْعَلْنا مِنَ الشّاكِرينَ

 

Athni Alallah Ahsanath Thana, wa Ahamduhu Alas Sarraa’yi wadh Dharraa’yi. Allahumma Inni Ahmaduka Ala An Akramtana Bin Nubuwwah wa Allamtanal Qur’ana wa Faqqahtana Fid Din, Wa Ja’alta lana Asma’an, wa Absaran, wa Af-idatan, Faj-alna Minash Shakireen.

 

I praise and exalt Allah (SWT) in the best form, and I praise and thank Him in times of happiness and sadness. O God! I praise You for You have give us the Honour by Apostleship, and You have taught us the Quran, and You have given us the deep knowledge of religion, and You have regarded for as ears, and eyes, and hearts, so place us among the grateful ones. (Gufteman e Aashurayi, p. 31)

 

 

The Moon of Hashemites. (Special article on the birth anniversary of His Holiness Abul Fadhl Al-Abbas – peace be upon him).

Ziyarah of Hazrat Abal Fadhl Al-Abbas (as)

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا أَبَا الْفَضْلِ الْعَبَّاسَ ابْنَ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ سَيِّدِ الْوَصِيِّين

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا ابْنَ أَوَّلِ الْقَوْمِ إِسْلاَماً وَ أَقْدَمِهِمْ إِيمَاناً وَ أَقْوَمِهِمْ بِدِينِ اللَّهِ وَ أَحْوَطِهِمْ عَلَى الْإِسْلاَم

أَشْهَدُ لَقَدْ نَصَحْتَ لِلَّهِ وَ لِرَسُولِهِ وَ لِأَخِيكَ فَنِعْمَ الْأَخُ الْمُوَاسِي فَلَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً قَتَلَتْك

وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً ظَلَمَتْكَ وَ لَعَنَ اللَّهُ أُمَّةً اسْتَحَلَّتْ مِنْكَ الْمَحَارِمَ وَ انْتَهَكَتْ حُرْمَةَ الْإِسْلاَم

فَنِعْمَ الصَّابِرُ الْمُجَاهِدُ الْمُحَامِي النَّاصِرُ وَ الْأَخُ الدَّافِعُ عَنْ أَخِيه‏

 

As Salamo Alayka Ya Abal Fadhlil Abbas Ibna Amiril Momineen, As Salaamo Alayka Yabna Sayyidil Wasiyeen.

As Salaamo Alayka Yabna Awwalil Qawmi Islaman wa Aqdamihim Imanan wa Aqwamihim Be Deenillahi wa Ahwatihim Alal Islam

Ash-hado Laqad Nasahta Lillahi wa Li-Rasoolihi wa Li-Akheeka Fa-Ne’mal Akhul Muwasi, Fa-La’anallaho Ummatan Qatalatka

Wa La’anallaho Ummatan Zalamatka Wa La-anallaho Ummatan Istahallat Minkal Maharim Wantahakat Hurmatal Islam.

Fa-Ne’mas Sabiro Al-Mujahido Al-Muhami An-Nasiro wal Akh Al-Dafi’o An Akheehi

 

 

Peace be upon you O Abal Fadhl Al-Abbas, son of Amir al-Momineen, Peace be upon you O son of the Master of successors,

Peace be upon you O son of the first person among all those who accepted Islam and the most superior one among them in terms of faith in Allah’s religion, and the most cautious one in the matter of Islam.

I bear witness that you did the best for Allah, His Messenger, and your brother, and you were the most excellent self-sacrificing brother. So Allah’s curse be upon the group who killed you,

And Allah’s curse be upon the group which oppressed you and Allah’s curse be upon the group which violated your sanctities and infringed the sanctity of Islam.

You were the most excellent steadfast fighter, protector, supporter, and brother who defended his brother.

 

The Position of His Holiness Abal Fadhl Al-Abbas (peace be upon him)

His Holiness Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him) said: May Allah have mercy upon my uncle Abbas, who kept his brother before himself and sacrificed his noble life for his brother until his both hands were cut in the support of his brother, and Allah (swt) gave him two wings in return of his two hands, with which he will fly in the heaven with the angels, and Abbas (peace be upon him) hold such a position in the divine Allah (swt) that on the Day of Judgment, all the martyrs will be in awe of him and all the martyrs will desire for his position. (Amali Sheikh Saduq (ra), session 70).

The Insight of His Holiness Abal Fadhl Al-Abbas (peace be upon him)

Imam Sadiq (peace be upon him) said regarding the virtue of Hazrat Abal Fadhl Al-Abbas (peace be upon him) that: Our uncle Abbas had a deep insight. (Tanqih Al-Maqal, vol. 2, p. 70).

 

One day, Imam Ali (peace be upon him) said to his beloved son Abul Fadhl Al-Abbas (peace be upon him), who was in his childhood, that: Say: ‘One’. Hazrat Abbas (peace be upon him) said, ‘One’. Imam Ali (peace be upon him) said, say ‘Two’, and Hazrat Abbas (peace be upon him) said in response: ‘I feel ashamed of saying ‘Two’ (and thus exiting from the circle of God’s oneness) from the tongue with which I have said ‘One’ (and accepted the Oneness of Allah -swt). Imam Ali (peace be upon him) kissed both the eyes of Hazrat Abul Fadhl Al-Abbas (peace be upon him). (Mustadrak al-Wasail, vol. 2, p. 635, Al-Abbas, Abd Ar-Razzaq Muqarram, p. 92).

 

In the words of the Imam of Time (peace be upon him)

The Imam of Time (May Allah hasten his reappearance) said in a section of his beautiful speeches about his uncle Abbas (peace be upon him) that:

Peace be upon Abul Fadhl, Abbas the son of Amir al-Momineen, the great supporter of his brother, who sacrificed his life for his brother and chose the provision of tomorrow from yesterday. He was the devotee of his brother and he protected him and strived to bring water for him, but his hands were cut off. Allah’s curse be upon his killers. (Al-Mazar, Mohammad bin Mashhadi, one of the senior scholars of the sixth century).

 

 

 

The Master of All the Worshippers (An exclusive article on the birth anniversary of His Holiness Imam Zainul Abideen - peace be upon him).

 

Allahumma Salli Ala Ali Ibnil Husayn Sayyidil Aabideen Al-lazi Istakhlastahu Li-nafsika wa Ja-alta Minhu Aimmatal Huda Al-Lazeena Yahdoona Bil Haqqi wa Bihi Ya’diloona Ikhtartahu Li-Nafsika wa Tahhartahu Minar Rijs Wastafaitahu wa Ja-altahu Hadiyan Mahdiyya. Allahumma Fasalli Alayhi Afdhala Ma Sallayta Ala Ahadin Min Zurriyyati Anbiya’ika Hatta Yablugha Bihi Ma Taqarru Bihi Ainuhu Fid Dunya wal-Aakhirati Innaka Azeezun Hakeem.

 

O Allah! Send Mercy upon Ali, the son of Husayn, the Master of all the servants, whom You have purified for Yourself and placed the leaders of guidance - who guide the people with the truth and who return towards the truth - in his pure progeny. And You have selected him for Yourself and purified him from all kinds of impurities and filth, and You have chosen him and made him the guide towards God for the entire creation and have also made him the guided one. 

 

O Allah! Send Your Mercy and Blessings upon him, from the best of all the mercy You have sent upon the descendants of Your Prophet so that his eyes can be brightened with that Mercy in this world and the Hereafter. Indeed You are the All-powerful and You know about all the affairs.

 

The Emotion of Supplication.

 

In one of the most emotional conditions of his life, Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him) supplicates in the divine threshold of Allah this way:

 

Ya Man Qasadahudh Dhalloon Fa Asaboohu Murshidan wa Ammahul Khaifoon Fa Wajadahu Moqilan Mata Rahatun Man Nasaba Li-Ghairika Badanahu Wa Mata Farhun Man Qasada Siwaka Be-Niyyatihi

 

O He Who when intended by the misguided people was found a Guide and preceptor, and when the frightened people went towards Him, they found Him as their refuge. When and how can such a person be at ease who has surrendered his body to someone other than You, and who stood before anyone apart from You with humility and servitude. When and how can that be person be happy who has intended anyone but You?.

(Niyayish Dar Arafat, p. 14)

 

 

The Fear of Allah in the Imam (peace be upon him)

 

 It has arrived in a report narrated by Sufyan Bin Uyaynah that His Holiness Imam Zainul Abideen (peace be upon him) went to perform Hajj. When he wanted to enter the state of Ihram, his ride halted, his color turned pale, and he began to shiver. His body was shivering so much that he could not say “Labbayk”. Sufyan said, ‘I asked him: Why don’t you pronounce the Talbiyah?

 

He replied: I am afraid that I might hear in response: La Labbayka wa La Sa’dayka. (You are not welcome). And when he pronounced the Talbiyah, he fainted and fell from his ride. He was constantly in this condition until he completed his Hajj. (Safarnama e Hajj, p. 318)

 

The Eulogy of Farazdaq praising Imam Sajjad (peace be upon him)

 

During the reign of his father, Hisham Bin Abdul Malik visited the holy city of Mecca. While performing circumambulation (Tawaf), he wished to touch the Black stone but was unable to touch it due to the excessive crowd present there. A pulpit was brought for him to so that he can sit on it.

 

At that time, His Holiness Ali Bin Al-Husayn Zain al-Abideen (peace be upon him) appeared and he was wearing a garment around his waist and a cloak on his body and was the most good-looking and good-smelling person of all. He began to perform Tawaf and at every round, whenever he reached the Black Stone, people used to move aside in his honor so that the beloved son of Imam Husayn (peace be upon him) can touch the Stone.

 

Upon witnessing the respect and emotions expressed by the people, at a time when everyone wanted to reach the stone, Hisham became furious. A person from Shaam asked him: Who is this man who is receiving so much respect from the people that all of them are moving aside from the Stone in his honor? As he did not want the people of Shaam to know about Imam, he said, I don’t know him. Farazdaq, who was present there, said: I know him. The man from Shaam asked: O Abu Faras (Farazdaq)! Who is he?

 

It was at that time when Farazdaq recited his famous poem:

 

He is the one whose footprints the earth of Bat-ha recognizes.

 

The Kabah and the Hill and Haram recognize him.

 

He is the son of the best among all the servants of Allah. He is pious, pure, virtuous, and well-known.

 

He is the son of Fatima! If You don’t recognize him.

 

He is the one whose grandfather was the Seal of the Prophets.

 

(Partawi Az Azmat e Imam Husayn Alayhis Salam, p. 431).

 

 

The Luminous words of the Imam (peace be upon him)

-      One of the special qualities of this household (the household of the Prophet – May Allah send mercy upon him and his progeny) is that Allah (swt) has placed their love in the hearts of all the believers. (Partawi Az Azmat e Imam Husayn Alayhis Salam, p. 430).

-      Fear the beauty of the worldly life and beware of its deceptions and evils, and always remain cautious of the loss in the attachment with this world, because the adornment of this world is a trial, and attachment with it is a sin. (Translation of the 17th volume of Bihar Al-Anwar, p. 118).

-      O servant of God! Fear God and contemplate, and do what you have been created to do. (Ibid, p. 119)

-      A person said in the presence of the Imam (peace be upon him): O Allah! Make me independent of the people. The Imam said: It is not right. People are dependent upon each other. Instead, say O Allah! Do not make me dependent upon the evil people.

-      Whoever values himself, this world will become valueless for him. (Ibid, p. 123). 

 

 

موضوع:

Bi’that, the greatest historical event – An article written by Grand Ayatollah Saafi Golpaygani on the Occasion of the great Eid of Mab’ath.

In the name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful.

لَقَدْ مَنَّ اللهُ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِینَ إِذْ بَعَثَ فِیهِمْ رَسُولاً مِنْ أَنْفُسِهِمْ یتْلُوا عَلَیهِمْ آیاتِهِ وَ یزَکِّیهِمْ وَ یعَلِّمُهُمُ الْکِتَابَ وَ الْحِکْمَهَ وَ إِنْ کَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِی ضَلاَلٍ مُبِینٍ

Allah certainly favored the faithful when He raised up among them an apostle from among themselves to recite to them His signs and to purify them and teach them the Book and wisdom, and earlier they had indeed been in manifest error.

One of the greatest, most blessed and bountiful divine actions, which is equal to the blessing of existence and parallel to the bounty of life, greater than which there is no other blessing, is the apostleship of the seal of the Prophets, Prophet Mohammad Al-Mustafa (peace be upon him and his progeny). Just like the act of creation, the manifestation of divine power and its miraculous impacts can be witnessed in this act also, like a sun shining with all its brightness and light. Just the way the creation of the skies and the Earth and all the creatures within them, and the systems that run among them, can be produced as evidence for proving the existence of God, similarly, the noble existence of the Messenger of Islam and his great character, and endless knowledge, and other attributes of His Holiness, which are the great signs among the divine signs, are also strong pieces of evidence which prove the existence of God, His knowledge, His wisdom, and other great proofs for the knower of the unseen.  

 

The Apostleship of the seal of Prophets is the greatest historical event and it is an incident that has overshadowed all the significant historical incidents, and it has guided humanity towards all the valuable and lofty human teachings and concepts:

روز بزرگ گر چه جهان كم نديده است
روزى چو روز حضرت خاتم نديده است 
بسيار اتّفاق عظيم اوفتاده است
كامثالِ آن گذشتِ زمان كم نديده است
ليكن جهانِ حادثه امرى عظيم تر
از بعثت رسول معظّم نديده است

(Though the world has witnessed many great days

But it has not witnessed anything like the day of His Holiness, the Seal (of Prophets)

Numerous great incidents have occurred

Whose likes have been seen several times with time

However, this world has not witnessed any greater incident

Than the Apostleship of the honourable Prophet.)

 

The points which can be derived from this apostleship, which is a movement and reform in itself, and has left an impact on the soul and thought of human beings, cannot be derived from any other incident. This apostleship has made apparent the divine power and the impact of the revitalizing word of Tauheed (monotheism).

 

Indeed, if Mohammad (peace be upon him and his progeny) would not be chosen as a Prophet and if the apostleship of Islam would not help the deprived, innocent, sick, oppressed, shelter-less, weak, exploited, silent and voiceless people, and if the world would be moving back to the age of ignorance, then what would be left of humanity today?

 

The world would be left with deprivations, oppressions, ailments, weaknesses, exploitations, transgression, luxurious lifestyles, excessive eating by the powerful and merciless beasts. The world would be left with the tyrants and Caesars and Cyrus and transgressors.

 

The world would be left with insecurities, chaos, bloodshed, loots, burying alive of daughters, inhuman transactions with women, slaves, servants, farmers, and at last, polytheism, idol-worship, human-worship and thousands of other corruptions.

 

There would be no shining light of freedom, no rising voice of freedom, no sun of knowledge and wisdom glowing in the world and enlightening it, no human values would be known, no constitution or declaration of human rights would be written, humans would not become equal and at par in terms of their rights, women would not be rescued from various types of misfortunes and would never attain the value of a real human, people would not realize the burden of the governments of the tyrants, transgressors and their chains of enslavement, these many schools, knowledge centres, clinics, hospitals, orphanages, shelters for the poor and caravans for the travellers would not be established, these many mosques, minarets and places from where the revitalizing call of monotheism would reach the ears of the creatures would not be built and founded, these many books in the fields of science, philosophy, moral values and social issues would not be penned, nor would these many great libraries with all their glory and grandeur come into existence.

 

Can anyone having the smallest of information regarding the world history deny all these blessings that are a result of the liberating voice of Islamic monotheism and the announcements of the Holy Qur’an, as well as the painstaking efforts of the Messenger of Islam for twenty-three years, day in and day out?

 

Indeed, twenty-three years, but those twenty-three years, in their extensiveness and quality, were much more than twenty-three million years of services by the reformers and servants of the society, from the aspects of the good and the blessings which it left in the hands of humanity.

 

To talk about such a great and sublime personality regarding whom both Muslims and non-Muslims have penned thousands of books, speeches, articles, eulogies, and thesis, and one who has gifted the humans the most elevated teachings and culture, and the most humanly social, political, moral and economic teachings, is unethical. What can we say and write that could explain even a single virtue among the great virtues of that man of God? So we are left with no option but to bow our heads and apologize for whatever we have said and we say about him, and resort to the words of the great Martyr:

صلاة و تسليم على أشرف الورى * و من فضله ينبو عن الحدّ و الحصر
و من قدر في السّبع الطّباق بنعله * و عوّضه الله البراق عن المهر
عدولي عن تعداد فضلك لائق * یكلّ لساني عنه في النّظم و النّثر
و ماذا يقول النّاس في مدح من أتت * مدائحه الغرّاء في محكم الذّكر

(Mercy and Peace be upon the most dignified of all beings; one whose virtues exceed all limits and boundaries.

One who surpassed the seven skies with his shoes and Allah gifted him the Buraq in exchange

My abstention from the calculation of your merits is appropriate because my tongue is incapable of it both in poetry and prose

And what can the people say in the praise of someone, for whom great praises and compliments have arrived in the firmest of Reminders (the Qur’an).

 

Even if we say something, it is not like how a particle praises the ever-glowing sun, or how a drop describes the greatness of the oceans, because we are much smaller than a particle or a drop against his sun-like existence and the ocean of virtues and merits. Instead, it is done to gain some reward and also because we enjoy the remembrance of His Holiness, and it helps in brightening our conscience and reviving our hearts. Therefore, for our success, we do not refrain from taking the name of His Holiness, and reciting Salawaat on him, and praising and honouring him at every occasion and with every opportunity.

 

The understanding of the lifestyle of Allah’s Messenger Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him and his progeny) and his school of thought is very important for the great Islamic society and it is the most constructive and educational lesson for all the human societies and humanity, which must be introduced not just as a science and universal knowledge but greater than that, because the astonished and bewildered human society is in need of further understanding this lifestyle that consists of all the comprehensive dimensions and has deep meanings, and it requires excessive discussions and effort.

 

The sacred and holy existence of His Holiness, the seal of Prophets, Mohammad Al-Mustafa (peace be upon him and his progeny), comprehensively possesses all the human virtues and excellences of a great and unparalleled human being. These virtues are such that the explanation of even a single one of them is not possible in any speech or writing.

 

Even the foreigners and orientalists had no choice but to confess to the virtues of the Holy Prophet. Thomas Carlyle, in his book Al-Abtal, whose Persian translation has been published by the name “Qahrmanan”, names the champions and victors of every field. These are those people who have achieved success in that field. For example, the champion in the form of a leader, the champion in the form of a poet.

 

When he talks about the champion in the form of an Apostle, there he does not mention the names of Prophet Moses (PBUH) or Prophet Jesus (PBUH), nor does he take the name of Prophet Abraham (PBUH), instead, he says that the champion and victor in apostleship and Prophet-hood is Mohammad.

 

In this brief article, we intend to briefly explain some of the important virtues of this unique personality of the world: One of the most important virtues of the existence of the Messenger of Islam (may Allah send mercy upon him and his progeny), is his greatness in the constitution of laws, for which no one can find a better example. Among the great lawmakers and legislators of laws, the opportunity that was bestowed upon the Messenger of Islam, could not be achieved by anyone else.

 

The importance of this topic will become more apparent when we carefully study the legislation and cooperation and mutual thinking, and the extensive studies and discussions regarding every single clause of the law, and at last, it is sent to the legislative assembly and analysed by the councils.

 

Is it not a sign of greatness that a person, without any advisors and counsellors, without having any experience in legal studies, without visiting the law colleges, and without any prior analysis from the aspects of health and society, having no judicial and financial experience regarding the various aspects and rights of the people, presents such laws which are, even after fourteen centuries, very much alive and are the most human laws of the society? Its principles and clauses have been approved and supported by the legal experts of the world. And as per the belief of the researchers and just people, these laws are the only way of solving the present problems of humanity.

 

Among the other virtues of the Prophet, of which he is the unparalleled champion, is the greatness shown by him in the fundamental reformation of the society.

 

In the history of the great revolutionary leaders, there is no one like the noble Prophet of Islam, who could bring in a very short duration, an unmatchable intellectual and practical revolution.

 

Tolstoy said: “Undoubtedly, Mohammad (peace be upon him and his progeny) is one of the greatest men and among those men who have done great service to the society. This itself is enough for his glory that he guided a nation towards the light of truth, and stopped them from bloodshed, burying their daughters alive, and slaughtering humans in the name of sacrifice. A man like him deserves respect and honour.

 

The details of the honourable Prophet of Islam’s greatness in the fundamental reformations of the society and the unstoppable revolutions of Islam which are for every time and place is extremely lengthy and the fact is that among the reformers and revolutionary men, history cannot show anyone who was, in a very short duration of time - as successful and victorious as His Holiness was in all the various fields related to the material and non-material world, the spiritual and physical worlds, both for the individual and the society.

 

Among other virtues of this unique universal champion is his greatness in heedlessness towards the world. In his unattraction towards the apparent luxuries of the world, the honourable Prophet of Islam was a role model and exemplar for all the ascetics.

 

One of the signs of His Holiness’ asceticism was that at a time when he was at the peak of worldly greatness and material power, he used to stitch his shoes with his own hands and put patches in his clothes, and stayed away from the luxuries of this world. If he witnessed an ornament among the worldly ornaments in his house, he used to say: Hide it from my sight, lest I engage myself in viewing it and begin to think of this world.

 

Indeed! He was the unique champion of all the virtues and greatness; the greatness of steadfastness and bravery, God-wariness and servitude, truthfulness and trustworthiness, pardon and forgiveness, his great character and the miracles of His Holiness, and the excellences of the Holy Qur’an, regarding each one of them, if several books and articles are also written, it won’t be sufficient. We must confess the honor and glory of these virtues. How well has that Christian scholar said, ‘I am a Christian and I honor Mohammad, and I consider him the preamble of the book of eminence and lofty position.

 

We must propagate the ideology and message of such an exemplar champion because there is no greater service and source of reformation for mankind than introducing his lifestyle to them.  

موضوع:

His Holiness Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him)
A Special Article on the Occasion of the Martyrdom of Imam Musa Al-Kazim (a.s.)

The name of His Holiness is Musa and his titles are Abd As-Salih, Aalim and Bab Al-Hawaij. The most famous title of His Holiness is Kazim and his nickname is Abul Hasan, the First. He lived for about fifty four years. He was born on the 7th of Safar in the year 128 Hijri and was poisoned by Sindi bin Shahik on the 25th of Rajab, 183 Hijri, by the order of Harun Al-Rashid (may Allah curse him), which is how he attained the sublime status of martyrdom.  

An Excerpt from the Ziyarat of Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him)

 

السَّلاَمُ عَلَيْكَ يَا مَوْلاَيَ يَا مُوسَى بْنَ جَعْفَرٍ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُه
أَشْهَدُ أَنَّكَ الْإِمَامُ الْهَادِي وَ الْوَلِيُّ الْمُرْشِدُ وَ أَنَّكَ مَعْدِنُ التَّنْزِيلِ وَ صَاحِبُ التَّأْوِيلِ‏
وَ حَامِلُ التَّوْرَاةِ وَ الْإِنْجِيلِ وَ الْعَالِمُ الْعَادِلُ وَ الصَّادِقُ الْعَامِلُ‏
يَا مَوْلاَيَ أَنَا أَبْرَأُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مِنْ أَعْدَائِكَ وَ أَتَقَرَّبُ إِلَى اللَّهِ بِمُوَالاَتِكَ‏
فَصَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْكَ وَ عَلَى آبَائِكَ وَ أَجْدَادِكَ وَ أَبْنَائِكَ وَ شِيعَتِكَ وَ مُحِبِّيكَ وَ رَحْمَةُ اللَّهِ وَ بَرَكَاتُه‏

 

Peace be upon you, O my master Musa the son of Ja’far. Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon you. I bear witness that you are verily the guiding leader and the guardian who leads to the right guidance, you are verily the core of the Revelation, the man of true interpretation, the bearer of the Torah and the Gospel, the knowledgeable, the decent, the veracious, and the one who puts his knowledge in practice. O my master, I repudiate your enemies in the presence of Allah and I seek nearness to Allah through loyalty to you. So, may Allah bless you, your fathers, your forefathers, your descendants, your partisans, and your devotees. May Allah’s mercy and blessing be upon them.

 

Supplication of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him)

 

إِلَهِي خَشَعَتِ الْأَصْوَاتُ لَكَ وَ ضَلَّتِ الْأَحْلاَمُ فِيكَ‏
وَ وَجِلَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْكَ وَ هَرَبَ كُلُّ شَيْ‏ءٍ إِلَيْكَ‏
وَ ضَاقَتِ الْأَشْيَاءُ دُونَكَ وَ مَلَأَ كُلَّ شَيْ‏ءٍ نُورُكَ‏
فَأَنْتَ الرَّفِيعُ فِي جَلاَلِكَ وَ أَنْتَ الْبَهِيُّ فِي جَمَالِكَ‏
وَ أَنْتَ الْعَظِيمُ فِي قُدْرَتِكَ وَ أَنْتَ الَّذِي لاَ يَئُودُكَ شَيْ‏ءٌ
يَا مُنْزِلَ نِعْمَتِي يَا مُفَرِّجَ كُرْبَتِي وَ يَا قَاضِيَ حَاجَتِي‏
أَعْطِنِي مَسْأَلَتِي بِلاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ آمَنْتُ بِكَ مُخْلِصاً لَكَ دِينِي‏
أَصْبَحْتُ عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَ وَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِالنِّعْمَةِ
وَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ مِنَ الذُّنُوبِ الَّتِي لاَ يَغْفِرُهَا غَيْرُكَ‏
يَا مَنْ هُوَ فِي عُلُوِّهِ دَانٍ وَ فِي دُنُوِّهِ عَالٍ‏
وَ فِي إِشْرَاقِهِ مُنِيرٌ وَ فِي سُلْطَانِهِ قَوِيٌّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِه

 

O my God, all sounds are submissive to You, all intellects are too short to recognize You [as exactly as You are], all things are fearful of You, all things plea to You, all things are too tiny in comparison with You, and Your light fills all things. Therefore, You are the Exalted in Your Majesty, You are the Luminous in Your splendor, You are the Great in Your Omnipotence, and You are Whom nothing can tire. O He who sends down my bounties! O He who relieves my agonies! O He who settles my needs! [Please] Give answer to my Request, and in the name of ‘there is no God save You’. I believe in You and I am sincere to You in obedience. I begin my day keeping my covenant and promise to You as much as I can. I confess of Your favour to me and I beseech You to forgive my sins that none else can forgive. O He who is nigh in His sublimity, Sublime in His nearness, Brilliant in His glow, and Powerful in His [absolute] authority! (Please) send blessings upon Mohammad and his Household.

 

Lessons from the life of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him)

  • Ibrahim bin Abdul Hamid said: I entered the house of Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him), in the same room where he used to offer his prayers. Inside the house, I saw nothing but a mat, one sword hanging and a Quran.
  • It is narrated that His Holiness always offered the night Nawafil (recommended) prayers and joined them to the Morning prayer. Then he used to perform the post prayer rites until the sunrise. Then he used to place his head in prostration and not lift his head until the time of noon (Zuhr).
  • He used to pray continuously in this manner: “O Allah, I request you for relief at the time of death and forgiveness on the Day of Reckoning”.
  • He used to weep out of Allah’s fear in such a way that his beard became wet with his tears.
  • He attained the title of “Kazim” due to his suppression of anger and forbearance.
  • At nights, he used to visit the city’s poor carrying baskets filled with money (gold and silver coins), wheat and dates for them, in such a way that they could not recognize the person who helped them.
  • He had the Holy Quran in his memory better than anyone else and his was the best voice while recitation of Quran compared to all the other people. While reciting Quran, he used to become grieved and those who heard him reciting Quran began to weep.  

 (Translation of Bihar Al-Anwar, v. 48, p. 85-89)

Short Sayings of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him).

  • Everything has a guide; a wise man’s guide is his contemplation and the guide of one’s contemplation is silence.
  • Everything has a ride and the ride of a wise man is humility.
  • Allah (s.w.t.) has not sent the apostles and messengers but to create a perception regarding Him among the people.
  • The prayers of such a person are answered more by Allah (s.w.t.) who has more cognition of Allah (s.w.t.).
  • Whoever refrains himself from insulting people and degrading their value, Allah (s.w.t.) shall forgive him on the Day of Resurrection.
  • Whoever suppresses his anger towards the people, Allah (s.w.t.) will suppress His anger towards him on the Day of Judgment.
  • The example of this world is of Ocean water, how much ever a thirsty person drinks from it, his thirst increases further and finally it kills him.
  • He is not among us who does not calculate his deeds every day; if he has performed good deeds, he should increase them and if he has performed bad deeds, he should seek forgiveness for them and repent.
  • The dignity of this world and hereafter lies in the companionship of religious men.

(Translation of Bihar Al-Anwar, vol. 17, p. 260-279)

Prayer of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him)

The prayer of Imam Kazim (peace be upon him) consists of two units (Rak’ats) and in every unit, one must recite Chapter Al-Hamd once and Chapter Tawheed twelve times.

 

Anecdote: Son of the Prophet

When Harun Al-Rashid arrived the city of Madina for the Ziyarat of Holy Prophet’s (peace be upon him and his progeny) grave, a group of people had accompanied him. Harun stood in front of them and said proudly: “Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah, Peace be upon you O my uncle’s son”.

Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him) came forward and said: “Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah (s.w.t.), Peace be upon you O father”.

Harun’s face color changed upon hearing this and signs of anger were evident from his face.

(Translation of Bihar Al-Anwar, v. 48, p. 88)

Anecdote: Reverence and Majesty

When Harun Al-Rashid (may Allah send His wrath upon him) decided to assassinate Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him), he suggested each and every commander and governor of his empire to take charge of this act, but none of them agreed to commit this heinous crime. He wrote a letter to his representatives who were in the foreign lands to send a few people for him who do not know any God or His Apostle. He said that he wants to perform this assassination by their medium.

His representatives sent 50 people who were unaware of Islam and Arabic language. Upon their arrival, Harun welcomed them warmly and honored them immensely. Then he asked: Who is your god and who is your prophet? They said: We do not have a god and do not recognize any prophet. Then, he sent them to the house where Imam (peace be upon him) was imprisoned and asked them to murder him. Harun was witnessing the scene from the room’s window. Just when their eyes fell on Imam, they dropped their weapons; their bodies began to shiver and they went into prostration and started weeping on the state of Imam.

Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him) moved his hand on their heads and spoke to them in their language, and they kept weeping.

When Harun witnessed this incident, he felt that a revolt might take place; so he shouted loudly and called his deputy asking him to take out all those people from the room. They came out but with such respect and honor for Imam that they did not turn their backs towards him. After coming out, they mounted their rides and without the permission of the ruler, went back to their homes.

(Translation of Bihar Al-Anwar, v. 48, p. 88)

 

موضوع:

And His Path Rescued The Humanity
An article by His Eminence Grand Ayatollah Saafi Golpaygani on the auspicious event of the Birth Anniversary of Prophet Mohammad (SAWW)

And His Path Rescued the Humanity

 

To talk about a great and elevated personality on who both Muslims and non-Muslims have written thousands of books, sermons, articles, eulogies, and thesis, and one who has gifted mankind the most sublime teachings and culture and the most human of all the social, political, moral and economic teachings, is unethical. What can we possibly say or write that could explain any excellence among the great excellences of that divinely chosen man? Hence, we do not have any option but to bow down with humility and apologize for what we have said or are saying about him.

Nevertheless, if we even say something, it is not as though a particle of dust is praising the luminous sun or a drop that is praising the glory of the oceans, because if compared to his sun-like existence and the ocean of his virtues and excellences, we are much lesser than a dust particle or drop. Instead, it is to obtain some reward through this means and also for enjoying the reminiscence of his holiness, and enlightening our conscience with it, and reviving our souls. Therefore, to obtain success, we do not hesitate in taking his name, and reciting Salawaaat on him, and praising and eulogizing him at every opportunity and event.

Scholars, writers, and poets from every religion and sect have unanimously praised this champion of virtue and have rubbed their foreheads out of humility in front of the divine threshold of His Holiness. Here, we would present some examples from the seamless ocean:

 

          One of the non-Arab poets who has written a eulogy praising the greatness of Prophet Mohammad al-Mustafa (peace be upon him and his progeny) was Surosh Isfahani, whose nickname is Shams al-Shu’ara, in his compilation of poetry:

 

امروز فسرد آزر برزين * كردند براق مَحْمِدَت را زين

امروز بهشتيان به استبرق * بستند بهشت عدل را آذين

امروز بُوَد فرشتگان را سور * و اهريمن، سوگوار و اندوهگين

امروز شكست صفه كسري * و آمد به جهان يكي درست آيين

امروز به گلْستان دين بشكفت * شمشاد و گل و بنفشه و نسرين

سالار پيامبران ابوالقاسم * آن كرده خطاب، ايزدش ياسين

چون شعله كشد جحيم آتش را * حب وي و آل وي دهد تسكين

بر جنّ و بشر پيمبر مرسل * نسرشته خداي، بوالبشر را طين

خورده است خدا به موي او سوگند * كرده است خدا به روي او تحسين

از چرخ گذشته با چه؟ با جامه‌ * بر عرش نشسته با چه؟ با نعلين

مخذول نفاق او بود پرويز‌ * مسمار سم براق او پروين

نفرين ‌كردند انبيا بر قوم * چون نوح و چو هود و صاحب يقطين

آزار ز انبيا فزون‌تر ديد * از قوم، و نكرد قوم را نفرين

از فرش به عرش رفت و باز آمد * جنبنده هنوز حلقه زلفين

اسرار دو كون در شب معراج * بي‌واسطه كرد حق بدو تلقين

طبع من و صد هزار همچون من * از منقبتش مقصر و مسكين

 

And the Arab poets have also praised His Holiness and written numerous eulogies and poems regarding his endless virtues. For example, the Arab poet Ahmad Al-Shauqi said in one of his poems:

ولد الهدى فالكائنات ضياء * و فم الزمان تبسم و ثناء

الروح و الملأ الملائك حوله * للدّين والدّنيا به بشراء

والعرش يزهو والحظيرة تزدهي * و المنتهى والسدرة العصماء

Then he adds:

بك بشّر الله السماء فزينت * و تضوّعت مسكاً بك الغبراء

يوم يتيه على الزمان صباحه * ومساؤه بمحمد وضاء(1)

 

 

These are examples of those poems that were written in the praise and exaltation of His Holiness, Seal of the Prophets, but whatever we say or other confess to, is nowhere near the sublime words of the Qur’an:

 

“Allah certainly favored the faithful when He raised up among them an apostle from among themselves to recite to them His signs and to purify them and teach them the Book and wisdom, and earlier they had indeed been in manifest error.”

 

          We can truly not speak about the personality of His Holiness, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him). Mankind becomes astonished. Even those who are very lofty become astonished.

 

One must describe the attributes of the Prophet like the Commander of the Faithful (peace and mercy upon him) has done. If you want to read the attributes of His Holiness, refer to the noble sermon of the Commander of the Faithful (peace be upon him) in Nahj al-Balagha, where he says:

 

“Allah sent Muhammad (SAAW) as a warner (against vice) for all the worlds and a trustee of His revelation, while you people of Arabia were following the worst religion, and you resided among rough stones and venomous serpents. You drank dirty water and ate filthy food. You shed blood of each other and cared not for relationship. Idols are fixed among you and sins are clinging to you”.

 

Or in another instance from Nahj al-Bagaha, he said: “I also testify that Muhammad is His slave and His Prophet whom He deputed when the signs of guidance were obliterated and the ways of religion were desolate. So, he threw open the truth, gave advice to the people, guided them towards righteousness, and ordered them to be moderate. May Allah bless him and his descendants”.

 

In short, if we talk about the dimensions of the personality of the holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny) every day also, even then it will not conclude. Even the foreigners and the orientalists have also bowed down to the virtues of the holy existence of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his progeny):

 

          Thomas Carlyle, in his book Al-Abtal (whose translation has been published by the name of Qahrman), speaks about those who have become the champions and victors from different fields, i.e. those who have become successful in their fields, like Al-Batl fi Surat al-Qaid (the champion in the form of a leader), Al-Batl Fi Surat al-Shair (the champion in the form of a poet). He said in his book: While writing about Al-Batl fi Surat al-Nabi, (the champion in the form of an apostle), he did not mention the names of the Prophet Moses or Prophet Jesus, nor did he mentioned Prophet Abraham, instead, he said that the champion in apostleship and Prophethood is Muhammad.  

And how beautifully that materialistic man, Shibli Shamil, has praised him in his eulogy for His Holiness:

All the great men of this world and the champions from the past, present, and future, their rank, position, and personality is lower than the sublime position of Mohammad (peace be upon him and his progeny).

Certainly, it is the truth that among all the great champions of history, the one who is rightfully the master of all virtues and Islamic values is Mohammad, and the one who is more successful, more virtuous, and highly distinguished among all the receivers of heavenly messages, or in the words of “Thomas Carlyle”, the champion in the form of an apostle, is Mohammad (peace be upon him and his progeny).

 

Another moderate Christian and scholar, praised His Holiness in his eulogy, by saying:

“I am a Christian and I exalt Mohammad, and I consider him the exordium of the book of elevation and loftiness of position.

George Bernard Shaw says, ‘Mohammad must be called the deliverer of humanity. I believe that if a person like him takes the responsibility of leading the new world, he will definitely be able to successfully solve the difficulties and problems of the current world in a way that all the people of the world will live together in prosperity, peace, and harmony. Mohammad is the most perfect among all the human beings from the past and the contemporary world, and one cannot imagine someone like him even in the future”. According to a report of the journal “Life”, published in England, it was the same man who said: “The greatest and most important of all religious teachings is the principle of helping humanity, which propels mankind towards a better life. Any religion which does not have such a principle and thought must be abandoned”.

It was the same person who explained the reasons why Islam and only Islam is the religion that can provide the instruments through which human beings can obtain their actual goal. He said, ‘If a human being is one who must rightfully become the manifestation of God, then he must move forward in light of Islamic teachings…Islam has always had enough strength and has protected its basis and foundation, and it is the same till today, and will remain the same in future.’ Bernard Shaw said furthermore that: How much ever the world progresses and mankind elevates to the peak of wisdom and philosophy, the religion of Islam will remain ahead”.

Towards the end of this article, it has come in detail: “Bernard Shaw believes that the world in general, and England in specific, must choose Islam or a similar law or teaching system, for deliverance, and incline towards it willfully or otherwise.

Among the foreign scholars and learned men, there are many who like Bernard Shaw researched these truths and confirmed them.

It is evident that after all these confessions and speeches about this great personality of the human world, the Muslims must highly acknowledge the efforts, guidance, and directions of His Holiness.

Hopefully, in today’s time, the aware and devoted Muslims, especially the young generation, will deliver the message of Islam to the world and join together all the regions with its luminous guidance and rebuild the golden ages of faith and action with fresh commitment.

 

Footnotes:

1. This poetry has been published in the book Al-Shauqiyat of Ahmad al-Shauqi, from Dar al-Shuruq, Egypt.

2. The Qur’an 3:164.

3. Nahj al-Balaghah, sermon 26.

4. Nahj al-Balaghah, sermon 195.

5. Al-Jamhuriya journal, published in Egypt, edition 14, 1970.

 

موضوع:

Sunday / 17 October / 2021
Imam Jawad (a.s.) - The Master of Knowledge and Generosity
An article by Grand Ayatollah Saafi Golpaygani on the occasion of Imam Jawad's Martyrdom

Imam Jawad (a.s.), the Master of Knowledge and Generosity

Imam Jawad (a.s.) was the true heir of his honorable ancestors in the case of his noble virtues and desirable attributes, his knowledge and cognition, his piety and god-wariness. His greatness and glory was renowned between all classes of people and the great intellectual and religious personalities of his era expressed immense humility and humbleness in his presence.

Renowned reporters and revered clerics felt proud of acquiring knowledge from his holiness and considered him the solver of the most difficult intellectual matters.

There are numerous narrations that prove the virtues and nobilities of his holiness and serve as an evidence to prove his Imamate.[1]

Even though the life of Imam Jawad (peace be upon him) was not long lasting and he did not even complete twenty six years, several sciences were acquired by the world from him and numerous intellectual sessions and debates were held between his holiness and the great clerics of his time, like the intellectual debate and argument with the chief justice Yahya bin Aktham, in the presence of the Abbasid Caliph, Mamun, and a group of people from the Abbasid dynasty and others. In response to his question, his holiness mentioned so many sections of the matter that the chief justice was left astonished and embarrassed. Then he described the rulings of all the sections himself. Then his holiness – as per the suggestion of Mamun – asked Yahya a question whose answer he was unable to give and requested Imam to answer the question and he gave the answer that made it clear for all the Abbasid family that just like Mamun said, despite his young age, Imam was the most learned and most knowledgeable among all the clerics and Allah (s.w.t.) blessed him with this virtue and excellence.[2]

According to the narration of Ibn Shahr Ashob in his book Al-Jilaa’ wa Al-Shifa, among the debates and intellectual arguments of his holiness, was the debate which he had with a group of scholars at the age of eight in which he gave the answers of the most difficult issues.[3]

Imamate in childhood and young age

Attaining the status of Imamate before reaching the age of maturity was officially unprecedented till that time and among the Imams, no one sat on the throne of Imamate at such an early age, but it is not unprecedented among the prophets and divine apostles since Prophet Jesus and Prophet Yahya (peace be upon them) reached the position of apostleship in childhood. The holy Qur’an mentions regarding Prophet Jesus (a.s.):

 “[Jesus] said, ‘Indeed, I am the servant of Allah. He has given me the Scripture and made me a prophet’.” [4]

And it said regarding Prophet Yahya:

 “And We gave him judgement [while yet] a boy” [5]

It was always accepted by the elites and the common people that the knowledge and intellect of the Imams (peace be upon them) and their understanding power and excessive teachings are not due to learning and passage of time and physical growth, and this point is confirmed by authentic and reliable history books also.

From their childhood, such astonishing incidents and stories have been reported that prove the extraordinary excellence, genius, supernatural virtues and brilliance of each one of them. Even the likes of Muawiyah, Yazid and Abdullah bin Umar have spoken about their divine knowledge, and someone like Abu Hanifa has asked jurisprudential questions and received accurate answers from Imam Musa bin Jafar (peace be upon him) when he was merely seven years old.[6]

One who has studied the life of these great personalities and the sciences that have been issued from them in their childhood and after the age of puberty will easily conclude that all this knowledge and cognition cannot be attained by way of learning and education.

How can the infinite knowledge of the commander of the faithful (a.s.) in all the fields of Islamic sciences, rights, theology, theosophy etc. be acquired by academic means and which educational institute other than the institute of the holy Prophet (peace be upon him) can have a graduate like Imam Ali (a.s.) in that time and which teacher could train such an unparalleled student and who but Ali (a.s.) could contain the knowledge of apostleship and become the gate of Prophet’s city of knowledge?

The knowledge of all the companions and students of the holy Prophet’s school when compared to the knowledge of Ali (a.s.) was like a drop compared to an ocean.

This knowledge is a blessing of Allah (s.w.t.) for them and something they inherited from Allah’s messenger (peace be upon him) and if the issuance of such sciences are astonishing from young people, it is also astonishing from the old. Do all the grownups have the potential to contain all this knowledge? Have the mature scholars responded to such unprecedented questions from the people so quickly and accurately?

In this regard, there is no difference between a child of seven years and an old man of seventy. Both of them must possess special aptitude and excellent capabilities in order to acquire such knowledge and be divinely inspired, understood and reported for it.

Just like Mansoor (the caliph) said regarding Imam Jafar Al-Sadiq (a.s.) that his holiness was someone for whom the Almighty Allah (s.w.t.) said:

 “Then we caused to inherit the Book those We have chose of Our servants” [7]

Each one of our Imams were chosen servants of God who were given the book and the knowledge of the book by Allah and the nation will never be deprived of such a personality from the progeny of Prophet (peace be upon him and his household) ever.

The narrations of Thaqalayn, Safinah[8], Amaan[9] and the narration “Fi Kulli Khalfin min Ummati”[10] as well as other reports have all served as the confirmer and approver off this subject.

Even the passage of time has proved that other than these sacred personalities, no other individual is the subject of these narrations and it is them whose knowledge is from the divine knowledge and whose wisdom is a special gift of Allah, and Muslims will never find true knowledge in East or West but something that has been spread by them.

 

 

 

[1] Refer to: Kulayni, Al-Kafi, Chapter “Al-Isharah wan Nas Ala Abi Jafar Al-Thani (a.s.), v. 1, p. 320-323 and chapter “Maulid Abi Jafar Mohammad bin Ali Al-Thani (a.s.), Kulayni, Al-Kafi, v. 1, p. 492_497.

[2] The details of this historic and unprecedented debate session is reported in the authentic Sunni books like: Al-Sawaiq Al-Mohriqa (Haythami, v. 2, p. 597-598), Al-Ithaaf Bi Hubbil Ashraf (Shabrawi, p. 350-355), Noor Al-Absar (Shablanji, p. 161), Tazkirat Al-Khawas (Sibt Ibn Jawzi, p. 321) etc. and also in the Shia books like: Manaqib Aal Abi Talib (v. 3, p. 488-489), Al-Irshad (Mufid, v. 2, p. 281-289), I’lam Al-Wara (Tabarsi, v. 1, p. 101-105) and Kashf al-Ghumma (Arbili, v. 3, p. 146-148) and more than hundreds of books on the subjects of narration, biography and history.

[3] Ibn Shahr Ashob, Manaqib Aal Abi Talib, v. 3, p. 489-490.

[4] Maryam, 30.

[5] Maryam, 12.

[6] Refer to: Ibn Shahr Ashob, Manaqib Aal Abi Talib, v. 3, p. 429; Majlisi, Bihar Al-Anwar, v. 48, p. 106.

[7] Fatir, 32.

[8] Saduq, Kamal Al-Deen, p. 241; Hur Aamili, Wasael Al-Shia, v. 27, p. 34; Tabari Imami, Al-Mustarshid, p.578; Hakim Neshapuri, Al-Mustadrak, v. 2, p. 343.

[9] Refer to: Aman Al-Ummah min Dhalal wal Ikhtelaf, written by the author of this book, p. 169-171.

[10] Himyari Qommi, Qurb Al-Asnaad, p. 77; Saduq, Kamal Al-Deen, p. 221; Karajaki, Kanz Al-Fawa’id, p. 152.

موضوع:

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