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مراسم عزاداری و سوگواری حضرت جوادالائمه امام محمد تقی علیه السلام با حضور مرجع عالیقدر شیعه حضرت آیت الله العظمی صافی گلپایگانی و علماء، فضلا، هیئات عزاداری و شیفتگان خاندان عصمت و طهارت علیهم‌السلام برگزار شد. در این مراسم باشکوه، وعّاظ محترم به...
چهارشنبه: 1 / 06 / 1396 ( )

Water

 

150. Water, with four conditions, makes Najis thing Pak:

The water should be pure. Hence a Najis thing cannot be made Pak with mixed water like rose-water, or melon-water etc. (Mudhaaf)
The water should be Pak.
The water should not turn into Mudhaaf while the Najis thing is being washed. And it should not get the smell, colour, or taste of the Najasat.
Small particles of essential Najasat should not remain behind in a Najis thing after it has been washed. Making other things Pak with Qaleel water, which means water which is under – Kurr, requires other conditions for making Najis thing Pak and will be mentioned later.

151. The interior of a Najis vessel, or utensil, must be washed three times if under – Kurr water is used, and if Kurr or running water is used washing once is sufficient. However, if a dog licks or drinks water or any other liquid from a utensil, the utensil should be first scrubbed with Pak dust, and then it should be washed twice with under – Kurr water. And if it is being washed with Kurr or running water, as per precautionary measures it should be washed twice too. Similarly, if the saliva of a dog falls into a utensil, as per obligatory precaution, it should be scrubbed with dust and before being washed.

152. If the mouth of a utensil which a dog has licked, is narrow, and is not possible to scrub the utensil, in such case if possible one should tie a piece of cloth around a stick and with that try to scrub the inner part of the utensil, and if even that is not possible then dust should be thrown into it and should be shaken vigorously, so that the dust may reach all parts of it.

153. If a utensil is licked by a pig, or if it eats anything from it, then it should be washed seven times with under – Kurr water. And if it is being washed with Kurr or running water, as per precautionary measures it should be washed seven times with that too, and scouring it with dust is not necessary. However, scouring with dust, as per recommended precaution, is better.

 

154. A utensil which becomes Najis because of alcoholic beverages, should be washed like other utensils with under – Kurr water, however, it is recommended to be washed seven times.

155. If an urn has been made of Najis clay, or Najis water has penetrated in it, it should be put into Kurr or running water, so that, wherever water reaches, it will become Pak. And if it is intended to make its interior Pak, it should be left in Kurr or running water for such time, that the water would penetrate into its entire structure.

156. A Najis utensil can be made Pak with under-Kurr water in two ways:

The utensil should be filled up with water and emptied three times.
Some quantity of water is poured in it, and then the utensil is vigorously shaken, so that the water reaches all Najis parts before it is spilled. This should be done three times.

157. If a large pot like a cauldron etc. becomes Najis, it will be Pak if it is filled up with water three times, and emptied every time. Alternatively, if water is poured from above three times, in such a way that it reaches all its sides, and then the water which collects at the bottom is drawn out every time, it will become Pak. And, as per obligatory precaution, the vessel used for drawing out water should be washed, when being used for the second and third time.

158. If Najis copper and similar things are melted, and washed with water, their exterior becomes Pak.

159. If a baking oven (Tannur) becomes Najis with urine, and if water is poured into it twice from above, in a manner that it reaches all its sides, the oven will become Pak. However, if the oven has become Najis due to something other than urine, then, first the Najasat should be eliminated, and thereafter, water will be poured into it as described. It is better that a pit is dug at the bottom, so that water collects there. That water is then drawn out, and the pit is filled with Pak earth.

160. If a Najis thing after removing the Najasat is immersed once in Kurr or running water, in such a way that water reaches all its Najis parts, it becomes Pak. And in the case of a carpet or dress, it is not necessary to squeeze it.

161. When a thing which has become Najis with urine, is to be made Pak with under – Kurr water, it should be poured once, and as water flows off eliminating all the traces of urine, and after pouring the water for the second time the thing will become

 

Pak.
But, When a cloth or a carpet and similar things are made Pak with under – Kurr water, it must be wrung, or squeezed both the times, till the Ghosaleh remaining in it runs out. Ghosaleh is water which comes out after washing cloth or carpet on its own or when squeezed. 

162. If anything becomes Najis with the urine of a suckling child, who has not yet started taking solid food, or has not been fed by pig’s milk or has not been fed by a Kafir women, the thing will be Pak if water is poured over it once, reaching all parts which had been Najis.

However, as a recommended precaution, water should be poured over it once again. And if it is a carpet or dress etc. it will not be necessary to squeeze it.

163. If anything becomes Najis with Najasat other than urine, it becomes Pak by first removing the Najasat and then pouring under – Kurr water once, allowing it to flow off, and also if the water is poured once in a way that the water removed the Najasat and has cleansed that place, will be considered Pak. But, if it is a dress etc., it should be squeezed so that the remaining water should flow off.

164. If a mat, woven with thread, is immersed in Kurr or running water, it will become Pak, when the essential Najasat disappears from it. And if one uses under – Kurr water for making it Pak, then squeezing of mat is not required, reaching of water inside the mat is enough.

165. If the exterior of wheat, rice, soap etc. becomes Najis, it becomes Pak by dipping it in Kurr or running water. But, if their interior becomes Najis, then it should be kept in a utensil and placed under Kurr or running water so much that the water reaches the internal parts where the Najasat exists, and it is not unlikely to say that this is enough to make the internal parts Pak, on the condition that the Najis moisture of its inner part may have dried before the purification.

166. If one doubts whether Najis water has seeped into the interior of soap or not, it's interior will be considered Pak.

167. If the outer part of rice, meat, or any other similar thing becomes Najis by a Najasat other than urine, it may be placed in a Pak bowl etc., after removing the essential Najasat, then water is poured on it once. Then the bowl is emptied, so that the objects in it become Pak. If the above mentioned things become Najis by urine, after removing the Najasat, water should be poured twice and then utensil should be emptied so that it becomes Pak and even that utensil will become Pak. However, if

 

one wishes to make a dress or similar thing Pak in a container, every time one will pour water, should then press and squeeze the cloth and tilt the container, so that the remaining water pours off.

168. If a Najis dress, which has been dyed with indigo or with any similar dye, is dipped into Kurr or running water, it will become Pak if water reaches all its parts before water becomes Mudhaaf with colour. Even, if colour comes out at the time of wringing or squeezing.

169. If a dress is washed with Kurr-water or running water, and later, for example, black mud is found stuck on it, the dress will be Pak if one does not suspect that the black mud has prevented water from reaching the dress.

170. If slush of mud or sand is seen on dress etc. after being made Pak with water, it will be considered Pak, if one is sure that the water has reached under the mud. However, if Najasat has reached the interior of mud or soap, then the exterior of the slush will be Pak, and its interior will be Najis.

171. A Najis thing does not become Pak unless the essential Najasat is removed from it, but there is no harm if the colour or smell of the Najasat remains in it. So, if blood is removed from a cloth, and the cloth is made Pak with water, it will become Pak even if the colour of blood remains on it. But, if on account of the smell or colour, it becomes certain, or seems probable that some particles of Najasat are still present in the cloth etc., it will remain Najis.

172. If Najasat of the body is removed in Kurr or running water, the body will become Pak, and it is not necessary to walk in and out of water again.

173. If Najis food remains between the teeth, and water is taken in the mouth and moved in such a way that it reaches the entire Najis food, the food becomes Pak.

174. If the Najis hair of head and face is washed with under Kurr-water, as per obligatory precaution, it is necessary to squeeze them for the remaining water to flow off.

175. If a Najis part of the body, or dress is washed with under Kurr-water the parts adjacent to it usually becomes Najis too while pouring water on it, and it also become Pak, when the Najis part becomes Pak. And similar is the case, if a Pak thing is placed by the side of a Najis thing, and water is poured on both of them. Hence, if water is poured on all fingers while trying to make one Najis finger Pak, and Najis water as well as Pak water reaches them all, they will all be Pak together.

 

176. Meat or fat which becomes Najis, can be made Pak with water like all other things. Same is the case if the body or dress has a little grease on it, which does not prevent water from reaching it.

177. If a utensil or one's body is Najis, but also so greasy that water cannot reach Najasat, one should first remove the grease, so that water may reach one's body, or the utensil to make it Pak.

178. If a Najis thing, which does not have essential Najasat on it, washed once under a tap, which is connected to Kurr water, becomes Pak. Similarly, if the Najasat is present on that thing, and it is removed while washing under the tap or by any other mean, that thing will become Pak if the water which is flowing from it does not contain the smell, taste or colour of Najasat. However, if the water which is flowing from the Najis thing contains the smell, taste or colour of Najasat, then in that case so much water should be poured on it that it takes away the smell, taste or colour of the Najasat.

179. If a person washes a thing with water, and becomes sure that it has become Pak, but doubts later whether or not he had removed the essential Najasat from it, since he was more careful about removing the Najasat at the time of washing it, then that thing is Pak, and if was not careful about removing the Najasat at the time of washing it, he should wash it again, and ensure that the essential Najasat has been removed.

180.The ground, in which water does not absorb or it does not flow from a Najis place to another place, becomes Najis, it does not become Pak with under – Kurr water, but if the water poured on the Najis ground get collected by a piece of cloth or a utensil it will become Pak. However, the ground where there is gravel or sand, and if water poured on it is absorbed, becomes Najis, it can be made Pak with under-Kurr water.

181. If the floor which is made of stones, or bricks or other hard ground, in which water is not absorbed, becomes Najis, it can be made Pak with under-Kurr water, but, it is necessary that so much water is poured on it that it begins to flow and since all the water is drained out the whole floor will become Pak, and if that water is not drained out, and it collects there, if it is not the Ghosaleh (water which remains after cleaning) of urine then it is Pak; but if it is Ghosaleh of urine then it is Najis, and to make that place, where the water is collected, Pak, it is necessary to draw out the water every time it is poured.

 

182. If the exterior of salt-stone or something resembling it, becomes Najis, it can be made Pak with under-Kurr water.

183. If Najis sugar or syrup is turned into solid cubes, or granules, it will not become Pak if it is immersed in Kurr or running water.

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