وریز وجوهات
همزمان با فرارسیدن موسم حج و عزیمت حجاج بیت الله الحرام به سرزمین وحی، بعثه دفتر حضرت آیت الله العظمی صافی گلپایگانی (مد ظله العالی) در مدینه منوره آغاز به کار کرد. حجاج محترم می توانند به منظور طرح سوالات شرعی خود و آگاهی از مناسک و کیفیت...
شنبه: 28 / 05 / 1396 ( )

Miscellaneous rules

 

1365. A traveler can offer full prayers in Masjid Al – Haraam and Masjid An – Nabi (peace be upon Him), even in whole of Makkah and Medina city, and Masjid of Kufa, but, if one wants to offer his prayers at a place which was not the part of Masjid of Kufa and has been added to it, as per obligatory precaution, one should offer shortened prayers. Moreover, a traveler can also offer full prayers in the Haram of Imam Husain (peace be upon Him), however, as per obligatory precaution, if the place where traveler is offering his prayers his far from the sacred tomb, one should offer shortened prayers.

1366. If a person who knows that he is a traveler, and should offer Qasr prayers, intentionally offers full prayers at places other than the four mentioned above, his prayers are void. And the same rule applies, if he forgets that a traveler must offer Qasr prayers, and prays full. And if he remembers after the time has lapsed, it is not necessary for him to give the Qadha.

1367. If a person who knows that he is a traveler, and should offer shortened prayers, offers full prayers by mistake, and realizes within the time for that Namaz, his Namaz is void, and should pray again. And if he realizes after the lapse of time, it is not necessary for him to give Qadha.

1368. If a traveler does not know that he should shorten his prayers, and if he offers full prayers, his prayers are in order.

1369. If a traveler knew that he should offer shortened prayers, but did not know its details, like, if he did not know that shortened prayers should be offered when the distance of the journey is of 8 Farsakh, and if he offers full prayers, his Namaz will be void, he should repeat the prayers if he comes to know the rule within the time of Namaz. But if he learns of the rule after the time has lapsed, there is no Qadha.

1370. If a traveler knows that he should offer shortened prayers, but offers full prayers under the impression that his journey is less than 8 Farsakh, when he learns that his journey has been of 8 Farsakh, if the time of Namaz has not lapsed, he should repeat the prayers as Qasr. And if he learns after the time for the prayers has lapsed, it is not necessary for him to offer Qadha. However, in all four preceding rulings, it is better to give Qadha, after the time for Namaz has lapsed.

1371. If a person forgets that he is a traveler and offers complete prayers, and if he remembers this within the time for prayers, he should pray Qasr, and if he realizes this after the time is over, it is not obligatory for him to offer Qadha of that prayers.

 

1372. If a person who should offer complete prayers, offers Qasr instead, his prayers are void in all circumstances.

1373. If a person begins a prayer of four Rak’ats, and remembers during prayers that he is a traveler, or realizes that his journey is of 8 Farsakh, if he has not gone into the Ruku’ of the third Rak’at, he should complete Namaz with two Rak’ats. But if he has gone into the Ruku’ of the third Rak’at, his prayer is void. If he has at his disposal, time even to offer one Rak’at, he should offer Qasr prayers. If one has an intention of meeting someone, and believed that the distance is 7 Farsakh and later finds out that the distance is 8 Farsakh, he should offer full prayers. Except if he makes an intention of travelling to 8 Farsakh from the very outset.

1374. If a traveler is not aware of some of the details regarding the prayers during travel, for example, if he does not know that if he goes on an outward journey of 4 Farsakh, and a return journey of 4 Farsakh on the same day or night, he should offer shortened prayers, and he engages in prayers with the intention of offering four Rak’ats, if he comes to know the rule before Ruku’ of the third Rak’at, he should complete the prayers with two Rak’ats. But if he learns of this rule during Ruku’ of the third Rak’at, his prayers are void. And if he has time at his disposal, even to offer one Rak’at of prayers, he should offer Qasr prayers.

1375. If a traveler who should offer complete prayers, and because of not knowing the rule, ignorantly makes a Niyyat for Qasr and learns about the rule during Namaz, he should complete the Namaz with four Rak’ats, and as per recommended precaution, after the completion of the prayers, he should offer a prayer of four Rak’ats once again.

1376. If before the time of prayers lapses, a traveler who has not offered prayers reaches his hometown, or a place where he intends to stay for ten days, he should offer full prayers. And if a person who is not on a journey, does not offer prayers within its hometown, and then proceeds on a journey, he should offer the prayers in shortened form.

1377. If the Zuhr, ‘Asr, or ‘Isha prayers of a traveler, who should have offered Qasr prayers, becomes Qadha, he should perform its Qadha as Qasr, even if he gives Qadha at his hometown or while he is not travelling. And if a non-traveler makes one of the above three prayers Qadha, he should perform its Qadha as full, even if he may be travelling at the time he offers the Qadha.

 

1378. It is Mustahab that a traveler should say thirty times after every Qasr prayers: “Subhanallahi Walhamdu Lillahi Wala ilaha illallahu Wallahu Akbar”. More emphasis is laid on this after Zuhr, ‘Asr and ‘Isha prayers. In fact, it is better that it is repeated sixty times after these three prayers.

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